Difference between revisions of "1757 - British operations in the Mediterranean"

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==Description==
 
==Description==
In the Mediterranean, rear-admiral Charles Saunders had been left in command after the return to Great Britain of sir Edward Hawke on December 3 1756.
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In the Mediterranean, Rear-Admiral Charles Saunders had been left in command after [[Hawke, Edward|Sir Edward Hawke]] returned to [[Great Britain]] on December 3, 1756.
  
At the end of March 1757, Saunders heard that 4 ships of the line and 1 frigate, under M. du Revest, had quitted Toulon.  
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At the end of March 1757, Saunders heard that 4 ships of the line and 1 frigate, under M. du Revest, had sailed from Toulon.  
  
 
On April 2, Saunders left Gibraltar to intercept them with the [[Culloden (74)]], [[Berwick (70)]], [[Princess Louisa (60)]], [[Guernsey (50)]] and [[Portland (50)]].
 
On April 2, Saunders left Gibraltar to intercept them with the [[Culloden (74)]], [[Berwick (70)]], [[Princess Louisa (60)]], [[Guernsey (50)]] and [[Portland (50)]].
  
On April 5, at 5:00 PM, Saunders sighted the French squadron and, being to leeward, formed his line. At sunset the French did the same, and began to fire at very long range. The British chased, and gained so much on them that the Guernsey and Princess Louisa were able to engage but in the night the French got away. The French squadron successfully passed the strait of Gibraltar and, towards the beginning of June, reinforced [[1757 - British expedition against Louisbourg|Louisbourg threatened by a British expedition]].  
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On April 5, at 5:00 p.m., Saunders sighted the French squadron to windward and formed his line. At sunset the French did the same, and began to fire at very long range. The British chased, and gained so much on the French fleet that the [[Guernsey (50)]] and [[Princess Louisa (60)]] were able to engage, but the French escaped in the darkness. The French squadron successfully passed the strait of Gibraltar and, towards the beginning of June, reinforced [[1757 - British expedition against Louisbourg|Louisbourg which was threatened by a British expedition]].  
  
In May, vice-admiral Henry Osborn arrived with reinforcements and assumed the command. Trade was well protected and many prizes were taken but no further fleet operations of any importance took place on the station during the year.
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In May, Vice-Admiral Henry Osborn arrived in the Mediterranean with reinforcements and assumed the command. Trade was well protected and many prizes were taken but no further fleet operations of any importance took place on the station during the year.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
This article is essentially a compilation of texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
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This article is essentially a compilation of texts from the following books, which are now in the public domain:
*Clowes, Wm. Laird, ''The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present'', Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, p. 170
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*Clowes, Wm. Laird: ''The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present'', Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, p. 170
  
 
[[Category:Campaign]]
 
[[Category:Campaign]]

Latest revision as of 13:16, 3 May 2020

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Campaigns >> 1757 - British operations in the Mediterranean

The campaign took place from March to May 1757

Description

In the Mediterranean, Rear-Admiral Charles Saunders had been left in command after Sir Edward Hawke returned to Great Britain on December 3, 1756.

At the end of March 1757, Saunders heard that 4 ships of the line and 1 frigate, under M. du Revest, had sailed from Toulon.

On April 2, Saunders left Gibraltar to intercept them with the Culloden (74), Berwick (70), Princess Louisa (60), Guernsey (50) and Portland (50).

On April 5, at 5:00 p.m., Saunders sighted the French squadron to windward and formed his line. At sunset the French did the same, and began to fire at very long range. The British chased, and gained so much on the French fleet that the Guernsey (50) and Princess Louisa (60) were able to engage, but the French escaped in the darkness. The French squadron successfully passed the strait of Gibraltar and, towards the beginning of June, reinforced Louisbourg which was threatened by a British expedition.

In May, Vice-Admiral Henry Osborn arrived in the Mediterranean with reinforcements and assumed the command. Trade was well protected and many prizes were taken but no further fleet operations of any importance took place on the station during the year.

References

This article is essentially a compilation of texts from the following books, which are now in the public domain:

  • Clowes, Wm. Laird: The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present, Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, p. 170