1757 - French invasion of Hanover – French OOB June

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Campaigns >> 1757 - French invasion of Hanover >> Order of Battle of the French Army of the Lower Rhine at Bielefeld from June 20 to July 7

Introduction

This article presents two orders of battle: one describing the deployment of the French Army of the Lower Rhine between June 20 and July 7 and a second listing the effective strength of each of its unit on Jule 30 (for the infantry) and July 1 (for the cavalry).

French Order of Battle from June 20 to July 7

The following comes from Du Bois's account of the order of battle of the French Army while it was encamped at Bielefeld.

Commander in Chief: Maréchal d'Estrées

First Line (from right to left)

Second Line (from right to left)

Flank guard (from right to left)

Artillery

Reserve

Besides the main force at Bielefeld, d'Estrées had made several detachments:

French Order of Battle from June 30 to July 1

This order of battle comes from a different document in the Archives du Génie.

As per the returns of June 30 1757 (infantry) and July 1 (cavalry and dragoons), the French Armée du Bas-Rhin consisted of the following regiments:

N.B.: the numbers listed represent troops who were present and fit for duty. The cavalry figures exclude staff and officers (normally 32 officers per regiment except for Colonel Général with 48 officers and the Carabiniers with 160 officers for the entire corps.

Cavalry
Cavalry Regiment Cavalrymen Horses
Colonel Général 412 419
Mestre de camp Général 276 274
Commissaire général 280 279
Royal 274 280
du Roy 275 279
Cuirassiers du Roy 277 278
Royal-Cravate 271 276
Royal-Roussillon 269 280
Royal-Allemand 280 280
Royal-Carabiniers - Brigade Maisne 267 279
Royal-Carabiniers - Brigade Saint-George 269 272
Royal-Carabiniers - Brigade Rosen 260 273
Royal-Pologne 277 278
Dauphin 275 280
Bourgogne 278 277
Aquitaine 242 242
Berry 274 274
Orléans 200 210
Condé 277 278
Bourbon 274 279
Marcieux 272 277
Talleyrand 269 280
Clermont-Tonnerre 245 245
Charost 244 244
Beauvilliers 279 279
Bourbon-Busset 270 274
Maugiron 237 245
Fumel 275 277
Rochefoucauld-Langeac 272 280
de Vienne 240 245
Bussy-Lameth 278 279
Lénoncourt 241 244
Bellefonds 274 280
Dampierre 275 274
Henrichemont 274 280
Moustiers 278 279
Saluces 274 278
Noailles 262 272
Wurtemberg 277 279
Harcourt 271 276
Nassau-Sarrebruck 280 280


Dragoons
Dragoon Regiment Cavalrymen Horses
Colonel Général 590 602
Mestre de Camp Général 583 627
Orléans 573 679


Infantry of the main army under Maréchal d'Estrées, encamped at Bielefeld
Infantry Regiment Captains Lieutenants Lieutenants
en second
Sous-Lieutenants Soldiers
de Ligne (Austrian) 7 5 7 none 461
Sachsen-Gotha (Austrian) 6 5 8 none 540
Picardie 65 61 11 none 2231
Navarre 67 66 8 none 2476
Champagne 68 68 6 none 2447
La Marine 65 57 10 none 2305
Mailly 65 67 12 none 2416
Du Roi 65 68 74 23 2642
Lyonnais 30 28 6 none 1101
Dauphin 33 32 6 none 1256
Vaubécourt 33 33 4 none 1139
Aquitaine 32 32 3 none 1257
Eu 33 33 3 none 1223
Orléans 34 34 6 none 1201
La Couronne 33 30 5 none 1193
Gardes Lorraines 31 32 5 none 1234
La Roche Aymon 34 32 2 none 1235
Condé 32 36 none none 1199
Grenadiers de France 47 47 46 none 2077
Vastan 32 29 6 none 1241
La Marck 29 14 14 13 1128
Chartres 34 32 5 none 1246
Conty 31 30 5 none 1090
Enghien 33 32 3 none 1023
Royal Pologne 15 8 6 6 599
Grenadiers Royaux de Modène 18 18 12 none 1060
Grenadiers Royaux d'Aulans 19 21 10 none 940
II./Corps Royal de l'Artillerie – La Motte 26 16 none 23 550
IV./Corps Royal de l'Artillerie – Menouville 17 3 0 1 454


Infantry of the Reserve under M. d'Armentières
Infantry Regiment Captains Lieutenants Lieutenants
en second
Sous-Lieutenants Soldiers
Belzunce 68 61 7 2 2188
Reding 10 12 24 9 1223
Alsace 43 24 22 2 1676
Saint-Germain 11 8 4 7 512
Salis de Mayenfeld 21 12 21 none 1150


Infantry of the Reserve under the Duc de Broglie
Infantry Regiment Captains Lieutenants Lieutenants
en second
Sous-Lieutenants Soldiers
Poitou 34 31 4 2 1112
Provence 33 32 4 2 1142
Royal Suédois 33 15 15 13 1063
Royal Bavière 32 15 12 13 1266

References

Du Bois, Camp de Bilefeld, Commandé par Mr. le Mal. d’Estrées, depuis le 20 du mois de juin jusqu’au 7 de juillet

Du Bois, Camps topographiques de la Campagne de 1757 en Westphalie etc., Le Hague, 1760