1759 - Reich and Austrian invasion of Saxony – Austro-Imperial Army OOB mid-April

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Campaigns >> 1759 - Reich and Austrian invasion of Saxony >> Detailed order of battle of the Austro-Imperial in mid-April 1759

Description

In mid-April 1759, an Austro-Imperial army had assembled in Saxony. His flank was protected by Gemmingen’s Corps posted west of the Elbe between the Eger and the Saxon border. The order of battle of the Austro-Imperial army operating in Saxony is detailed in the present article. For Gemmingen’s Corps, see our article 1759 - Austrian campaign in Upper Silesia and Lusatia – Austrian Army OOB mid-April.

Reichsarmee and Austrian Contingent

Oberbehfelshaber: Field Marshal von Pfalz-Zweibrücken

General der Infanterie und Kavallerie: Serbelloni (KK=Austrian)

General der Kavallerie und Zugmeister: Althann, Bretlach, Hadik, Macquire (KK), von Furstenberg, Prinz August der Baade (sic.)

The Order of Battle is based on that provided by Pengel&Hurt which seems based on Boehm and Rottgardt.

Reichsarmee: 28 bns, 25 grenadier coys, 15 sqns, 14,500 foot, 2,500 horse (including the 5 sqns of the Palatine Kurfürstin Leib-Dragoner) and approx. 600 artillerymen and pioneers for a total of some 17,600 men. In addition, there were about 800 men in garrison in Plassenburg near Kulmbach and in Königshofen, south of Meiningen.

Austrian Contingent: 13 bns, 14 grenadier coys, 50 sqns, 7 elite cavalry coys, 36 grenzers coys, 20 heavy artillery pieces for a total of approx. 19,000 men.

Advanced Korps

  • GML N. Esterhazy (KK)
    • GFW Hollstein
    • Kurmainz (3 bns+ 2 grenadier coys)
    • GFW Campitelli (KK)
    • Colloredo (2 bns + 2 grenadier coys)
    • Salm (2 bns + 2 grenadier coys)

Rear Korps

Korps Reserve

Extra Korps (KK)

  • Reichsarmee Artillery
    • Artillerymen (approx. 600 men)
    • Heavy artillery(24 pieces)
      • 12 x 6-pdr guns
      • 6 x 12-pdr guns
      • 6 x 7-pdr howitzers
    • Regimental artillery (50 light pieces)
      • 4 x 1-pdrs
      • 46 x 3-pdrs
    • Reserve Artillery
      • 16 x 3-pdrs)
      • 19 heavy pieces
        • 5 x 6-pdr guns
        • 6 x 12-pdr guns
        • 4 x 24-pdr guns
        • 4 x 12-pdr howitzers

The artillery also carried a large number of entrenching tools with it. The field artillery was escorted by 1 bn of the Bavarian Salzburg Infantry while 1 bn of the Upper-Rhine Kreisinfanterieregiment Nassau-Weilburg acted as pioneers.

  • Austrian Contingent Artillery
    • Heavy artillery (20 pieces)
    • Battalion artillery (43 x 3-pdr guns)

Austrian Contingent

The GGSTB list also these austrian units with the Reichsarmee which aren't listed by Pengel& Hurt:

References

  • Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 9 Bergen, Berlin, 1911, pp. 62-63, Anlage 3.
  • R.D. Pengel and G.R. Hurt. "The Reichsarmee: Organisation, Flags & Uniform supplement, 1756-1762", 1983.
  • Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D.: Die Reichsarmee 1757-1763 I. Teil. Zusammensetzung und Organisation, Manuskript, KLIO - Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, 1979
  • Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D., Weirich, W.-D.: Die Reichsarmee 1757-1763 II. Teil. Die einzelnen Einheiten, ihre Stärke, Zusammensetzung, Uniform und Feldzeichen, Manuskript, KLIO - Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, o.J.