1761 - Russian campaign in Pomerania – Württemberg OOB June
Order of battle of Württemberg's corps on June 8 1761 at Colberg
After the arrival of Thadden at Colberg on June 8 1761, Württemberg's corps order of battle was as follows.
Commander-in-chief: prince of Württemberg
Summary: 9,343 foot (including 2,214 grenadiers) and 2,771 horse.
- Grenadier Battalion 21/27/37/40 Kleist (1 bn)
- Grenadier Battalion 19/25 Schwerin (1 bn)
- Grenadier Battalion 4/16/41/44 Beneckendorf (1 bn)
- Grenadier Battalion GVI/GVIII Busch (1 bn)
- Grenadier Battalion 47/GVII Bock (1 bn)
- IR14 Lehwaldt (2 bns)
- IR16 Dohna (2 bns)
- IR2 Kanitz (2 bns)
- IR47 Grabow (2 bns)
- IR45 Kassel (1 bn)
- Frei-Infanterie Wunsch (1 bn)
- Frei-Infanterie Courbières (1 bn)
- DR12 Württemberg Dragoons (5 sqns for a total of 500 privates)
- DR7 Plettenberg Dragoons (5 sqns for a total of 700 privates)
- HR6 Werner Hussars (10 sqns for a total of 1,500 privates, 41 officers, 120 NCOs)
- 12 x 3-pdrs battalion guns
- 18 x 6-pdrs guns
- 6 x light 12 pdrs-guns
- 5 x Austrian 12-pdrs guns
- 4 x 7-pdrs howitzers
N.B.: there was an average of 441 men per Grenadier Battalion, 680 men per line infantry battalion and 500 men per Frei Infanterie battalion.
Additional Prussian troops (about 2,000 men) were stationed inside the fortress of Colberg:
- Land Battalion Kleist (1 bn for a total of about 350 men)
- Land Battalion Schmelling (1 bn for a total of about 350 men)
- GR-XI Putkammer Garrison Regiment (2 bns of about 550 men each for a total of 1,100 men)
The recruitment cantons of most of these Prussian units where located in territory now occupied by the Russian army. For this reason, the heavy losses of the previous campaigns had been almost impossible to replace. For instance, IR14 Lehwaldt, which had been captured at Maxen in 1759, had to be raised anew through recruitment conducted by Collignon and among Austrian and Imperial prisoners of war. Similarly, IR2 Kanitz and IR16 Dohna replenished their ranks from convalescents and from prisoners of war of different nationalities. IR47 Grabow had its canton in Upper Silesia and could therefore replenish its ranks with young people and foreigners. IR45 Kassel had no canton and was reinforced with Saxon recruits. Officers of all these regiments came from garrison and provincial regiments. The Prussian cavalry regiments also received a great number of young recruits especially Werner Hussars and Plettenberg Dragoons. The Württemberg Dragoons, which had been captured at Maxen in 1759, took its troopers among sick and other nationalities war prisoners. To the exception of the grenadiers, the Prussian units at Colberg were not very trustworthy and prone to desertion.
Tomasz Karpiński (student at the Institute of History, University of Adam Mickiewicz in Poznań, Poland) for the initial version of this article