Origin and History
The regiment was raised in 1685 as the "Duke of Shrewsbury's Regiment of Horse" to curb Monmouth's rebellion. It later became known as the "Duke of Hamilton's Regiment of Cuirassiers". In 1685, it ranked as 7th Horse then in 1691, when then old 5th Horse was disbanded, it was renumbered 6th Horse.
On December 25 1746, when three Regiments of Horse were converted to Dragoon Guards, the "6th Regiment of Horse" became the "2nd Regiment of Horse" also known as Green Horse and was transferred to the Irish establishment.
This regiment had 2 squadrons as usual for heavy cavalry regiments.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- since December 22 1747: Lieutenant-General Thomas Bligh
- from October 23 1758: General John Waldegrave, 3rd Earl Waldegrave
- from November 27 1760 till August 27 1789: General Hon. John Fitzwilliam
In 1788, the four last "Regiments of Horse" were converted into "Dragoon Guards". Thus, the "2nd Regiment of Horse" became the "5th Dragoon Guards".
Service during the War
As of May 30 1759, the regiment was stationed in Ireland and counted 2 squadrons for a total of 120 men. It was not involved in any campaign during the war.
|Headgear||black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade|
|Coat||red lined full green
|Waistcoat||full green with yellow buttons and very narrow yellow buttonholes|
|Breeches||full green with white knee covers|
Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols and a musket.
As per the regulation of 1751, the officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:
- a narrow gold lace at the bindings and buttonholes
- a crimson silk sash worn over the left shoulder
- crimson and gold striped sword knot
- housings and holster caps laced gold
Corporals were distinguished by a narrow gold lace on the lapels, cuffs, pockets and shoulder straps; a full green worsted sash about their waist.
They wore full green coats lined and turned up with red and laced with a white braid with a red stripe. Hanging sleeves fastened at the waist. Red waistcoats and breeches.
The banners of the kettle drums were full green with the rank of the regiment (II. H.) in gold characters on a crimson ground within a wreath of roses and thistles on the same stalk in its centre. The banners of the trumpets were full green carrying the king's cypher and crown with the rank of the regiment (II. H.) underneath.
The standards were made of damask, fringed with gold and embroidered with gold. The tassels and cords were of crimson silk and gold mixed.
King's Standard: crimson field decorated with the rose and thistle conjoined surmounted by a crown. Underneath the central decoration: the king's motto “Dieu et mon Droit”. In the first and fourth corners the White Horse in a compartment. In the second and third corners: the rank of the regiment (II. H.) in gold characters on a full green ground.
Regimental Standard: full green field fringed gold with its centre decorated with the rank of the regiment (II. H.) in gold characters on a crimson ground within a wreath of roses and thistles on the same stalk. Underneath the central decoration: the regimental motto “VESTIGIA NULLA RETRORSUM”. In the first and fourth corners the White Horse in a red compartment. In the second and third corners: the rose and thistle conjoined upon a red ground.
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
George II, The Royal Clothing Warrant, 1751
Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II
Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately does not seem to be online any more)
Digby Smith for additional info on the regiment.