2nd Troop Horse Grenadier Guards
Origin and History
The troop was raised in 1702 as part of the Scottish army. In 1709, when the unit became part of the British establishment, it was renamed the “2nd Troop of the Horse Grenadier Guards”, the English troop becoming 1st Troop.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, in 1742, the unit was sent abroad for service. The troop was at the battles of Dettingen (June 27 1743) and Fontenoy (May 11 1745). It was then recalled to Great Britain at the outbreak of the Jacobite Rising.
During the Seven Years' War, the troop was under the command of:
- since June 5 1745 until April 1 1779: William Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Harrington
In 1788, the troop was amalgamated with the 2nd Troop of Guards to form the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards.
Service during the War
At the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, the troop consisted of 1 squadron counting 150 men.
As of May 30 1759, the troop was stationed in England. It remained in Great Britain throughout the war.
|Coat||red with white buttons and narrow white buttonholes
Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, grenades, a musket and a bayonet. Horse Grenadier Guards rode black horses.
As per the regulation of 1751, the officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:
- a narrow gold lace at the bindings and buttonholes
- a crimson silk sash worn over the left shoulder
- crimson and gold sword knot
- housings and holster caps laced gold
no information available yet
Drummers and oboists rode grey horses. They wore red uniforms with blue facings, the whole heavily laced in gold. Their swords had a broken blade because they were not considered as combatant.
Regimental Standard (as per Funcken): crimson field, fringed gold; centre device consisting of a rose and thistle on the same stalk surmounted by a crown (yellow with red cushions, white pearls and ermine headband); a white scroll carrying the motto "Dieu et mon droit" in black below the centre device; 3 smaller crowns below the scroll (identical to the larger crown depicted above).
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II
Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately does not seem to be online any more)
- Horse Grenadier Guards