33/42 Nimschöfsky Grenadiers

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> 33/42 Nimschöfsky Grenadiers

Origin and History

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, Frederick II converged the grenadier companies of his infantry into elite battalions. Thus the grenadiers from Baron de la Motte Fouqué Fusiliers (2 coys) and Markgraf von Brandenburg Fusiliers (2 coys) were converged into the Grenadier Battalion 33/42 counting four companies.

During the Seven Years' War, the battalion was commanded by:

  • since 1756: Major C. W. von Nimschöfsky
  • from April 1762: Major Karl Rudolf von Mosch

Service during the War

In 1756, the battalion was part of the army of Silesia under Field-marshal von Schwerin. During this campaign, Schwerin's Army remained on the border between Silesia and Bohemia.

In 1757, the battalion took part in the invasion of Bohemia. On June 18, it fought at the Battle of Kolin where it was deployed in the van at the extreme left under Hülsen. Around 2:00 p.m., this corps assaulted and took Krzeczhorz Height. At the end of the afternoon, it managed to capture a nearby oak-wood but, being totally unsupported, soon lost it. Fierce attacks of the Austrian cavalry then forced Hülsen to retreat with heavy losses. After this battle, due to its heavy casualties, the battalion was temporarily converged with Grenadier Battalion 12/39 and Grenadier Battalion 12/26 until the Winter of 1757-58 when it was brought back to full strength.

On May 10 1758, during the invasion of Moravia, the battalion was at the camp of Starnau under the command of General Meyer. On October 14, it fought in the Battle of Hochkirch where it formed part of Retzow's Corps near Weissenberg. The battalion occupied the village of Weissenberg.

On September 2 1759, the battalion, as part of Zieten's Corps, fought in the Combat of Sorau. During the retreat, the battalion formed part of the vanguard.

After the Battle of Torgau on November 3 1760, the battalion was converged with Grenadier Battalion 9/10.

To do: more details on the campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Uniform

The grenadiers wore the uniform of their respective regiments. For details about these uniforms, please refer to the articles related to regiments Baron de la Motte Fouqué Fusiliers and Markgraf von Brandenburg Fusiliers.

Mitre Caps

Baron de la Motte Fouqué Fusiliers: mitre with yellow metal front plate; red orange headband with a white and red braid (see illustration for detail) and yellow metal ornaments; red orange backing with similar braid; red within gold within white pompom

Original (Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin)

Markgraf von Brandenburg Fusiliers: mitre with yellow metal front plate; orange headband with a white braid decorated with 3 thin orange stripes (see illustration for detail) and yellow metal ornaments; orange backing with similar braid; white within orange within white pompom
IR33 Mitre Cap - Source: Joseph Malit and Kriegsarmaturen
IR42 Mitre Cap - Source: Digby Smith and rf-figuren

Colours

The converged grenadier battalions did not carry any colour.

References

Fiedler, Siegfried; Grenadiermuetzen der Armee Friedrichs des Grossen, Schild Verlag GmbH, Munich, 1981

Riehn, R.; Linear Tactics Part III - Grenadier Battalions 1756-1763, The Courier Volume 2 No. 6, May-June 1981

Schirmer, Friedrich; Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt: 1989, pp. 30-32

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.