33/42 Nimschöfsky Grenadiers
Origin and History
At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, Frederick II converged the grenadier companies of his infantry into elite battalions. Thus the grenadiers from Baron de la Motte Fouqué Fusiliers (2 coys) and Markgraf von Brandenburg Fusiliers (2 coys) were converged into the Grenadier Battalion 33/42 counting four companies.
During the Seven Years' War, the battalion was commanded by:
- since 1756: Major C. W. von Nimschöfsky
- from April 1762: Major Karl Rudolf von Mosch
Service during the War
In 1756, the battalion was part of the army of Silesia under Field-marshal von Schwerin. During this campaign, Schwerin's Army remained on the border between Silesia and Bohemia.
In 1757, the battalion took part in the invasion of Bohemia. On June 18, it fought at the Battle of Kolin where it was deployed in the van at the extreme left under Hülsen. Around 2:00 p.m., this corps assaulted and took Krzeczhorz Height. At the end of the afternoon, it managed to capture a nearby oak-wood but, being totally unsupported, soon lost it. Fierce attacks of the Austrian cavalry then forced Hülsen to retreat with heavy losses. After this battle, due to its heavy casualties, the battalion was temporarily converged with Grenadier Battalion 12/39 and Grenadier Battalion 12/26 until the Winter of 1757-58 when it was brought back to full strength.
On May 10 1758, during the invasion of Moravia, the battalion was at the camp of Starnau under the command of General Meyer. On October 14, it fought in the Battle of Hochkirch where it formed part of Retzow's Corps near Weissenberg. The battalion occupied the village of Weissenberg.
To do: more details on the campaigns from 1760 to 1762
The grenadiers wore the uniform of their respective regiments. For details about these uniforms, please refer to the articles related to regiments Baron de la Motte Fouqué Fusiliers and Markgraf von Brandenburg Fusiliers.
|Baron de la Motte Fouqué Fusiliers: mitre with yellow metal front plate; red orange headband with a white and red braid (see illustration for detail) and yellow metal ornaments; red orange backing with similar braid; red within gold within white pompom
Original (Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin)
|Markgraf von Brandenburg Fusiliers: mitre with yellow metal front plate; orange headband with a white braid decorated with 3 thin orange stripes (see illustration for detail) and yellow metal ornaments; orange backing with similar braid; white within orange within white pompom|
The converged grenadier battalions did not carry any colour.
Fiedler, Siegfried; Grenadiermuetzen der Armee Friedrichs des Grossen, Schild Verlag GmbH, Munich, 1981
Riehn, R.; Linear Tactics Part III - Grenadier Battalions 1756-1763, The Courier Volume 2 No. 6, May-June 1981
Schirmer, Friedrich; Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt: 1989, pp. 30-32
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.