49th Foot

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> British Army >> 49th Foot

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on December 25 1743 from the 8 independent companies garrisoning Jamaica. It was placed under direct command of Governor Edward Trelawney who was appointed colonel. Accordingly, the regiment was called the “Edward Trelawney's Regiment of Foot”. It ranked 63rd.

In 1748, the regiment was renumbered “49th Foot”.

On July 1 1751, when a Royal warrant reorganised the British infantry, the regiment was designated as the “49th Regiment of Foot”.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • in 17??: Colonel George Walsh
  • in 17??: Colonel John Stanwix

Service during the War

In 1757, while serving in Jamaica, the regiment saw its effective strength nearly doubled.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Richard Couture from a template by Frédéric Aubert
N.B.: detailed regimental lace not illustrated because the exact pattern is unknown
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white and a black cockade (left side)
Grenadier British mitre with: a full green front edged white embroidered with white scroll work and with a white King's cypher surmounted by a crown (yellow with red cushions, white pearls and ermine headband); a small red front flap edged white with the white horse of Hanover surmounted by the motto "Nec aspera terrent"; red back; a full green headband edged white probably wearing the number 49 in the middle part behind; green and white pompom
Neckstock white
Coat brick red lined full green and laced white (white braid with a yellow stripe and green scroll pattern) with 3 pewter buttons and 3 white buttonholes (same lace as above) under the lapel; a red swallow nest laced white (same lace as above) on each shoulder)
Collar none
Shoulder Straps brick red (left shoulder only) fastened with a pewter button
Lapels full green laced white (same lace as above) with 7 pewter buttons and 6 white buttonholes (same lace as above)
Pockets horizontal pockets laced white (same lace as above)
Cuffs full green slashed cuffs laced white (same lace as above) with 4 pewter buttons and 4 white buttonholes (same lace as above) on the sleeve above each the cuff
Turnbacks full green
Waistcoat brick red edged white (same lace as above)
Breeches brick red
Gaiters white with black buttons
brown, grey or black during campaigns (black after 1759)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black shoes


Troopers were armed with a “Brown Bess” muskets, a bayonet and a sword.

Officers

Officers of the regiment wore the same coat as the private soldiers but with the following differences:

  • silver gorget around the neck
  • a silver aiguilette on the right shoulder
  • silver lace instead of the normal lace
  • a crimson sash

Officers wore the same headgear as the private soldiers under their command; however, officers of the grenadier company wore a more decorated mitre cap.

Officers generally carried a spontoon; however, in battle some carried a musket instead.

Musicians

The drummers of the regiment were clothed in full green, lined, faced, and lapelled on the breast with red, and laced in such manner as the colonel shall think fit for distinction sake, the lace, however, was of the colours of that on the soldiers' coats.

The front or fore part of the drums was painted full green, with the king's cypher and crown, and the number “XLIX” under it. The rims were red.

Colours

King's Colour: Union with its centre decorated with a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "XLIX" in gold Roman numerals.

Regimental Colour: full green field; centre device consisting of a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "XLIX" in gold Roman numerals. The Union in the upper left corner.

King's Colour - Source: Richard Couture from a template by PMPdeL
Regimental Colour - Source: Richard Couture from a template by PMPdeL

References

Aylor, Ron, British Regimental Drums and Colours

Fortescue J. W., A History of the British Army Vol. II, MacMillan, London, 1899

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

George II, The Royal Clothing Warrant, 1751

Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II

Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately does not seem to be online any more)

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt, 1989

Wikipedia 49th (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (Hertfordshire) Regiment of Foot