66th Foot

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> British Army >> 66th Foot

Origin and History

The unit was originally raised on September 20 1756 as a second battalion of the 19th Foot. However, this second battalion was detached from its parent regiment on June 15 1758 to form the “66th Regiment of Foot”.

During the Seven Years's War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • since June 15 1758: Sandford
  • from ??? 1758 to at least May 1759: La Faussille

Service during the War

On October 26 1758, two companies of the regiment, under the command of lieutenant-colonel Worge, embarked at Kinsale in Ireland to take part to the [[1758 - British expedition against Gorée in Senegal|expedition against Gorée in Sénégal. On November 11, the amphibious expedition sailed for Sénégal. Worge had been appointed governor of Sénégal and, after the capture of Gorée on December 29, the fleet escorted him and his troops to Sénégal.

As of May 30 1759, the regiment was stationed in Scotland and counted 1 battalion for a total of 900 men.

To do: campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: rf-figuren from a template by Frédéric Aubert
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a black cockade (left side)
Grenadier British mitre with: a yellowish green front embroidered with the King's cypher and a crown over it; a small red front flap with the white horse of Hanover surmounted by the motto "Nec aspera terrent"; red back; a yellowish green headband wearing the number 66 in the middle part behind
Neckstock white
Coat brick red lined yellowish green and laced white (white braid with 2 crimson stripes) with 3 pewter buttons and 3 white buttonholes (same lace as above) under the lapel (maybe shoulder wings like the parent unit)
Collar none
Shoulder Straps brick red (left shoulder)
Lapels yellowish green laced white (same lace as above) with 7 pewter buttons and 6 white buttonholes (same lace as above)
Pockets horizontal pockets laced white (same lace as above), each with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes
Cuffs yellowish green (slashed in the British pattern) laced white (same lace as above) with 4 pewter buttons and 4 white buttonholes (same lace as above) on the sleeve above each cuff
Turnbacks yellowish green
Waistcoat brick red laced white (same lace as above)
Breeches red
Gaiters white with black buttons
brown, grey or black during campaigns (black after 1759)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black


Troopers were armed with with a "Brown Bess" muskets, a bayonet and a sword. They also carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Officers

Officers had silver lace lining the cuffs and lapels, a black cockade hat, and wore a red sash slung over the right shoulder. Sergeants wore straw gloves. Partizans were carried.

Musicians

The drummers of the regiment were clothed in yellowish green, lined, faced, and lapelled on the breast with red, and laced in such manner as the colonel shall think fit for distinction sake, the lace, however, was of the colours of that on the soldiers' coats.

The front or forepart of the drums were painted yellowish green, with the king's cypher and crown, and the number “LXVI” under it. The rims were red.

Colours

King's Colour: Union with its centre decorated with a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "LXVI" in gold Roman numerals.

Regimental Colour: yellowish green field with its centre decorated with a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "LXVI" in gold Roman numerals. The Union in the upper left corner.

King's Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Regimental Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Fortescue J. W., A History of the British Army Vol. II, MacMillan, London, 1899

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II, p. 94

Mills, T. F., Website - Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately seems to have disappeared from the web)

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.