Difference between revisions of "7/11 Mirbach Grenadiers"

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(Standardization and campaign of 1760)
 
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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
In January 1760, at the death of Wilhelm VIII, the new landgrave Friedrich II changed the organization of the army of Hesse-Kassel. Friedrich already was a general in the Prussian service, owned the Prussian ''[[Dossow Fusiliers|Infanterie Regiment Nr. 45]]'' and was a fervent admirer of the Prussian military machine. Therefore, he completely reorganised the Hessian army along the lines of the Prussian one, even changing the uniforms. As in the Prussian army, the grenadiers were converged into 6 battalions of 4 companies each. Thus the grenadiers from the [[Hessian Erbprinz Infantry|Vierte Garde]] (2 coys) and [[Prinz von Anhalt Infantry]] (2 coys) were converged into the Grenadier Battalion 7/11 counting four companies.
+
In January 1760, at the death of Wilhelm VIII, the new landgrave Friedrich II changed the organization of the army of Hesse-Kassel. Friedrich was already a general in the Prussian service, owning the Prussian ''[[Dossow Fusiliers|Infanterie Regiment Nr. 45]]'' and was a fervent admirer of the Prussian military machine. Therefore, he completely reorganised the Hessian army along the lines of the Prussian one, even changing the uniforms. As in the Prussian army, the grenadiers were converged into 6 battalions of 4 companies each. Thus the grenadiers from the [[Hessian Erbprinz Infantry|Vierte Garde]] (2 coys) and [[Prinz von Anhalt Infantry]] (2 coys) were converged into the Grenadier Battalion 7/11 counting four companies.
  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the battalion was commanded by:  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the battalion was commanded by:  
*since its creation in 1760:  lieutenant-colonel von Mirbach
+
*since its creation in 1760:  Lieutenant-Colonel von Mirbach
*from 1761: lieutenant-colonel von Bose
+
*from 1761: Lieutenant-Colonel von Bose
  
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
On July 31, 1760, the battalion fought in the [[1760-07-31 - Battle of Warburg|battle of Warburg]]. On September 5 and 6, it took part in the attack on Zierenberg. On September 30, it was part of the force who encircled Wesel.
 
  
On January 20 1761, the battalion took part in advanced posts combat near Haardorf. On July 15 and 16, it fought in the battle of Vellinghausen. On July 20, it took part in the combats of Rhune and Ober-Ense. On August 18, it fought in the combat of Ossendorf. On August 24, it was part of the force who relieved Hamm.
+
On July 31 1760, the battalion took part in the [[1760-07-31 - Battle of Warburg|Battle of Warburg]] where it was deployed in the third line of the centre between Ossendorf and Menne. On September 5 and 6, it took part in the attack on Zierenberg. On September 30, it was part of the force who encircled Wesel.
  
On April 19 1762, the battalion took part in the capture of the castle of Arnsberg. On August 22, it was at the encounter near Grünberg; on August 25, at the combat of Grüningen; and on August 30, at the combat of Johannisberg (aka Nauheim). On September 11, it took part in the rearguard combat of Atzenhain.
+
On January 20 1761, the battalion took part in advanced posts combat near Haardorf. On July 15 and 16, it fought in the [[1761-07-16 - Battle of Vellinghausen|Battle of Vellinghausen]]. On July 20, it took part in the combats of Rhune and Ober-Ense. On August 18, it fought in the combat of Ossendorf. On August 24, it was part of the force who relieved Hamm.
 +
 
 +
On April 19 1762, the battalion took part in the capture of the Castle of Arnsberg. On August 22, it was at the encounter near Grünberg; on August 25, at the combat of Grüningen; and on August 30, at the [[1762-08-30 - Combat of Nauheim|Combat of Nauheim (aka Johannisberg)]]. On September 11, it took part in the rearguard combat of Atzenhain.
 
==Uniform==
 
==Uniform==
 
The grenadiers wore the uniform of their respective regiments. For details about these uniforms, please refer to the articles related to the [[Hessian Erbprinz Infantry|Vierte Garde]]  and [[Prinz von Anhalt Infantry]].
 
The grenadiers wore the uniform of their respective regiments. For details about these uniforms, please refer to the articles related to the [[Hessian Erbprinz Infantry|Vierte Garde]]  and [[Prinz von Anhalt Infantry]].
Line 24: Line 25:
 
Böhm, Uwe Peter: ''Hessisches Militär: Die Truppen der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel 1672-1806'', Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Beckum 1986
 
Böhm, Uwe Peter: ''Hessisches Militär: Die Truppen der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel 1672-1806'', Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Beckum 1986
  
Cookman, D., Sandershausen 1758, Battlefields Vol. 1 Issue 6
+
Cookman, D.: ''Sandershausen 1758'', Battlefields Vol. 1 Issue 6
  
 
Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). ''Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763''. Band 5 Hastenbeck und Roßbach, Berlin 1903
 
Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). ''Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763''. Band 5 Hastenbeck und Roßbach, Berlin 1903
  
Henry, Mark, ''Hessian Army of the 7 Years War'', Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VII No. 3
+
Henry, Mark: ''Hessian Army of the 7 Years War'', Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VII No. 3
  
Manley, S., ''Uniforms of the Danish and German States armies 1739-1748'', Potsdam Publications
+
Manley, S.: ''Uniforms of the Danish and German States armies 1739-1748'', Potsdam Publications
  
 
Mohr, Kurt: ''Einiges über die Hessen-Kasselsche Infanterie 1760'', in: Artikel für KA7-Sammler aus alten "Zinnfigur" Heften (1924-1944), KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Manuskript, Köln 1980, S. 106-107
 
Mohr, Kurt: ''Einiges über die Hessen-Kasselsche Infanterie 1760'', in: Artikel für KA7-Sammler aus alten "Zinnfigur" Heften (1924-1944), KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Manuskript, Köln 1980, S. 106-107
  
Mulder, Luke, ''Some Notes on Landgraf Friedrich II of Hessen-Kassel Re-Organization of 1760'', Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XI No. 2  
+
Mulder, Luke: ''Some Notes on Landgraf Friedrich II of Hessen-Kassel Re-Organization of 1760'', Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XI No. 2  
  
 
Noeske, Rolf: ''Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, 1. Ergänzung Hessen-Kassel'', KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt 1989  
 
Noeske, Rolf: ''Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, 1. Ergänzung Hessen-Kassel'', KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt 1989  
Line 40: Line 41:
 
Ortenburg, Georg: ''Das Militär der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel zwischen 1783 und 1789'', Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Potsdam 1999  
 
Ortenburg, Georg: ''Das Militär der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel zwischen 1783 und 1789'', Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Potsdam 1999  
  
Pengel & Hurt, ''German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762'', Imperial Press
+
Pengel & Hurt: ''German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762'', Imperial Press
  
 
Renouard, Carl: "Geschichte des Krieges in Hannover, Hessen und Westfalen von 1757 bis 1763", 3 Bände, Cassel, 1863-64  
 
Renouard, Carl: "Geschichte des Krieges in Hannover, Hessen und Westfalen von 1757 bis 1763", 3 Bände, Cassel, 1863-64  
  
Rogge, Christian, ''The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War'', Frankfurt, 2006
+
Rogge, Christian: ''The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War'', Frankfurt, 2006
  
 
Schirmer, Friedrich: ''Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763''. KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt, 1989
 
Schirmer, Friedrich: ''Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763''. KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt, 1989
Line 52: Line 53:
 
Witzel, Rudolf: ''Hessen Kassels Regimenter in der Allierten Armee 1762'', bearb. u. hrsg. von Ingo Kroll, Norderstedt 2007  
 
Witzel, Rudolf: ''Hessen Kassels Regimenter in der Allierten Armee 1762'', bearb. u. hrsg. von Ingo Kroll, Norderstedt 2007  
  
Zahn, Michael, ''Stammliste und Gefechtskalender der Regimenter der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel im Siebenjährigen Krieg (1756-1763) -  Teil 1: Infanterie'', Metzingen, 2009
+
Zahn, Michael: ''Stammliste und Gefechtskalender der Regimenter der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel im Siebenjährigen Krieg (1756-1763) -  Teil 1: Infanterie'', Metzingen, 2009
  
 
[[Category:Hesse-Kassel Land Unit]]
 
[[Category:Hesse-Kassel Land Unit]]

Latest revision as of 05:08, 12 June 2016

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hesse-Kassel Army >> 7/11 Mirbach Grenadiers

Origin and History

In January 1760, at the death of Wilhelm VIII, the new landgrave Friedrich II changed the organization of the army of Hesse-Kassel. Friedrich was already a general in the Prussian service, owning the Prussian Infanterie Regiment Nr. 45 and was a fervent admirer of the Prussian military machine. Therefore, he completely reorganised the Hessian army along the lines of the Prussian one, even changing the uniforms. As in the Prussian army, the grenadiers were converged into 6 battalions of 4 companies each. Thus the grenadiers from the Vierte Garde (2 coys) and Prinz von Anhalt Infantry (2 coys) were converged into the Grenadier Battalion 7/11 counting four companies.

During the Seven Years' War, the battalion was commanded by:

  • since its creation in 1760: Lieutenant-Colonel von Mirbach
  • from 1761: Lieutenant-Colonel von Bose

Service during the War

On July 31 1760, the battalion took part in the Battle of Warburg where it was deployed in the third line of the centre between Ossendorf and Menne. On September 5 and 6, it took part in the attack on Zierenberg. On September 30, it was part of the force who encircled Wesel.

On January 20 1761, the battalion took part in advanced posts combat near Haardorf. On July 15 and 16, it fought in the Battle of Vellinghausen. On July 20, it took part in the combats of Rhune and Ober-Ense. On August 18, it fought in the combat of Ossendorf. On August 24, it was part of the force who relieved Hamm.

On April 19 1762, the battalion took part in the capture of the Castle of Arnsberg. On August 22, it was at the encounter near Grünberg; on August 25, at the combat of Grüningen; and on August 30, at the Combat of Nauheim (aka Johannisberg). On September 11, it took part in the rearguard combat of Atzenhain.

Uniform

The grenadiers wore the uniform of their respective regiments. For details about these uniforms, please refer to the articles related to the Vierte Garde and Prinz von Anhalt Infantry.

Colours

The converged grenadier battalions did not carry any colour.

References

Bleckwenn, Hans: Europa kämpft in Flandern... Die Morier-Bilder in Windsor Castle, Teil IV: Hessen-Kassel 1748, in: Zeitschrift für Heereskunde, XXX Jg. (1960), Nr. 207, S. 122-125 and Nr. 208, S. 166-168

Böhm, Uwe Peter: Hessisches Militär: Die Truppen der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel 1672-1806, Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Beckum 1986

Cookman, D.: Sandershausen 1758, Battlefields Vol. 1 Issue 6

Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Band 5 Hastenbeck und Roßbach, Berlin 1903

Henry, Mark: Hessian Army of the 7 Years War, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VII No. 3

Manley, S.: Uniforms of the Danish and German States armies 1739-1748, Potsdam Publications

Mohr, Kurt: Einiges über die Hessen-Kasselsche Infanterie 1760, in: Artikel für KA7-Sammler aus alten "Zinnfigur" Heften (1924-1944), KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Manuskript, Köln 1980, S. 106-107

Mulder, Luke: Some Notes on Landgraf Friedrich II of Hessen-Kassel Re-Organization of 1760, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XI No. 2

Noeske, Rolf: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, 1. Ergänzung Hessen-Kassel, KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt 1989

Ortenburg, Georg: Das Militär der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel zwischen 1783 und 1789, Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Potsdam 1999

Pengel & Hurt: German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Renouard, Carl: "Geschichte des Krieges in Hannover, Hessen und Westfalen von 1757 bis 1763", 3 Bände, Cassel, 1863-64

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt, 1989

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Infanterie des Landgrafentums Hessen-Kassel während des Siebenjährigen Krieges, in: Artikel für KA7-Sammler aus alten "Zinnfigur" Heften (1924-1944), KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Manuskript, Köln 1980, S. 104-106

Witzel, Rudolf: Hessen Kassels Regimenter in der Allierten Armee 1762, bearb. u. hrsg. von Ingo Kroll, Norderstedt 2007

Zahn, Michael: Stammliste und Gefechtskalender der Regimenter der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel im Siebenjährigen Krieg (1756-1763) - Teil 1: Infanterie, Metzingen, 2009