79th Foot

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> British Army >> 79th Foot

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on November 14 1757 at Colchester by colonel Draper as the “64th Regiment of Foot”. The regiment was partly formed of companies drafted entire from the 4th Foot, 8th Foot, and 24th Foot. Surprisingly, it was equipped with old-fashioned wooden ramrods good. In 1758, it was renumbered the “79th Regiment of Foot”.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from November 1757 to ????: colonel William Draper

The regiment was disbanded in 1763 at the end of the Seven Years' War.

Service during the War

In 1758, the regiment was sent to reinforce British troops at Madras (actual Chennai). It arrived there on September 14. It then counted 850 men. The regiment distinguished itself during the siege of Madras from December 1758 to February 1759.

In September 1762, the regiment took part to the siege and capture of Manila in the Philippines.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in India in 1759 - Source: rf-figuren from a template by Frédéric Aubert
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a black cockade (left side)
Grenadier British mitre with: a light buff front embroidered with the King's cypher and a crown over it; a small red front flap with the white horse of Hanover surmounted by the motto "Nec aspera terrent"; red back; a light buff headband wearing the number 79 in the middle part behind
Neckstock white
Coat brick red lined light buff and laced white (white braid) with 3 white buttonholes under the lapels (same lace as above)
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red fastened with a white button (left shoulder)
Lapels light buff laced white (same lace as above) with 7 pewter buttons and 6 white buttonholes (same lace as above)
Pockets horizontal pockets with white laces (same lace as above), each with pewter buttons
Cuffs light buff (slashed in the British pattern) laced white (same lace as above)
Turnbacks light buff
Waistcoat probably linen laced white (same lace as above)
Breeches probably linen
Gaiters white with black buttons
brown, grey or black during campaigns (black after 1759)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black shoes


Troopers were armed with with a "Brown Bess" muskets, a bayonet and a sword. They also carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Officers

Officers of the regiment wore the same uniforms as the private soldiers but with the following differences

  • silver gorget around the neck
  • an aiguilette on the right shoulder
  • silver lace instead of normal lace
  • a crimson sash

Officers wore the same headgear as the private soldiers under their command; however, officers of the grenadier company wore a more decorated mitre cap.

Officers generally carried a spontoon, however, in battle some carried muskets instead.

Musicians

According to the Royal Clothing Warrant of 1751:

The drummers of the regiment were clothed in light buff, lined, faced, and lapelled on the breast with red, and laced in such manner as the colonel shall think fit for distinction sake, the lace, however, was of the colours of that on the soldiers' coats.
The front or forepart of the drums were painted light buff, with the king's cypher and crown, and the number “LXXIX” under it. The rims were red.

Colours

King's Colour: Union with its centre decorated with a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "LXXIX" in gold Roman numerals.

Regimental Colour: light buff field with its centre decorated with a rose and thistle wreath around the regiment number "LXXIX" in gold Roman numerals. The Union in the upper left corner.

King's Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Regimental Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Chichester, Henry Manners; Sir William Draper (1721-1787), 1888

Fortescue, J. W., A History of the British Army Vol. II, MacMillan, London, 1899

Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II, p. 95

Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately seems to have disappeared from the web)

Yahoo SYW Group Message No. 1174, 2235

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.