7th Dragoons

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> British Army >> 7th Dragoons

Origin and History

In May 1689, independent troops were raised on Scots Establishment. On December 13 1690, a regiment was created with these troops as the “Queen's Own Regiment of Dragoons” or “Robert Cunningham's Dragoons”. It then ranked as “8th Dragoons”. In 1691, it was renumbered “7th Dragoons”.

In 1694, the regiment was sent to Flanders to join the King's Army. In 1695, it took part in the capture of Namur. In 1697, the regiment returned to Scotland.

In 1698, the regiment was transferred to the Scots Establishment.

In 1708, the regiment was transferred back to the English Establishment.

In 1709, during the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was shipped to the continent where it only took part in minor actions.

In 1714, the regiment was disbanded, its troops being absorbed by the 1st Dragoons and the 2nd Dragoons.

On February 15 1715, the regiment was re-formed from troops of the 1st Dragoons and the 2nd Dragoons. It became the “Princess of Wales's Own Regiment of Dragoons”. At the end of October, the new regiment marched up to Scotland. On November 13, it took part in the battle of Sheriffmuir against the Scottish insurgents.

In 1727, the regiment was renamed the “Queen's Own Regiment of Dragoons”.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was sent to the Low Countries in 1742. On June 27 1743, it fought at the battle of Dettingen where it received its first Battle Honour. On May 11 1745, the regiment took part in the battle of Fontenoy. It also fought at Rocoux (October 11, 1746) and Lauffeld (July 2, 1747) before returning to England in 1749.

On July 1 1751, when a Royal warrant reorganised the British cavalry, the regiment was designated as the “7th (The Queen's Own) Regiment of Dragoons”.

The regiment counted 2 squadrons and was mounted on horses of different colours.

At the end of 1755, a company of light dragoons was added to the Regiments.

During the Seven Years's War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • since August 12 1741: Lieutenant-General Sir John Cope
  • from August 18 1760 to May 13 1763: General John Mostyn

Service during the War

As of May 30 1759, the regiment was stationed in England and counted 2 squadrons for a total of 390 men.

In the summer of 1760, the regiment was among the second British contingent sent to reinforce the Allied army of Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick in Germany. The regiment was not shipped to Germany until June. On July 31, the regiment took part in the battle of Warburg where it headed the southern column. It was set loose on the broken French battalions who had vainly tried to dislodge the Allied from a hill to their rear.

On July 16 1761, the regiment took part in the battle of battle of Vellinghausen with Granby's Corps.

To do: more details on the campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Ibrahim90 from a template made by Frédéric Aubert
Uniform in 1758
Headgear black tricorne laced silver with a black cockade
Neck stock white
Coat double breasted red lined white with white buttons and very narrow white buttonholes grouped 3 by 3
Collar none
Shoulder strap left shoulder: red fastened with a white button
right shoulder: white aiguillette
Lapels none
Pockets long vertical pockets with white buttons and very narrow white buttonholes in a chevron pattern
Cuffs white (slashed in the British pattern) with white buttons and very narrow white buttonholes in a chevron pattern on the sleeve
Turnbacks white
Waistcoat white with very narrow white buttonholes
Breeches white with white knee covers
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt buff leather coloured yellow
Waistbelt n/a
Cartridge Box buff leather coloured yellow
Scabbard n/a
Bayonet scabbard n/a
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Housings white with pointed corners decorated with the regimental badge (Queen's cypher within the Garter); bordered with a yellow braid with a blue stripe
Holster caps white with pointed corners decorated with the regimental badge (Queen's cypher within the Garter) and the rank of the regiment (VII. D.); bordered with a yellow braid with a blue stripe
Blanket roll white and red


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols and a musket.

Officers

As per the regulation of 1751, the officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • a narrow silver lace at the lapels, cuffs and pockets
  • a crimson silk sash worn over the left shoulder
  • crimson and silver striped sword knot
  • white housings and holster caps laced silver

N.B.: in 1753, officers had white lapels and red breeches

NCOs

Sergeants were distinguished by a narrow silver lace on the lapels, cuffs and pockets; a silver aiguillette; a white worsted sash about their waist.

Corporals were distinguished by a narrow silver lace on the cuffs and shoulder strap; white silk aiguillette.

Musicians

Drummers rode grey horses. They wore red coats lined and turned up with blue and laced with the royal lace (yellow and blue). Blue waistcoats and breeches.

Drummers wore a mitre cap similar to the grenadier mitre cap but with a lower crown and the tassel hanging behind. White front decorated with regimental badge (Queen's cypher within the Garter); little frontal red flap with the White Horse and the the motto “Nec aspera terrent”; red backing, white headband with a drum and the rank of the regiment (VII. D.) in the middle part behind.

The drums were of brass with a white forepart carrying the regimental badge (Queen's cypher within the Garter).

Colours

The guidons were made of silk, fringed and embroidered with gold. The tassels and cords were of crimson silk and gold mixed.

King's Guidon: crimson field decorated with the rose and thistle conjoined surmounted by a crown. Underneath the central decoration: the king's motto “Dieu et mon Droit”. In the first and fourth corners the White Horse in a compartment. In the second and third corners: the rank of the regiment (VII D.) in silver characters on a white ground.

Regimental Guidon: white field with its centre decorated with the regimental badge (Queen's cypher within the Garter). In the first and fourth corners the White Horse in a red compartment. In the second and third corners: the rank of the regiment (VII D.) on a red ground within a small wreath of roses and thistles.

King's Guidon - Source: Richard Couture from a template by PMPdeL
Regimental Guidon - Source: Richard Couture from a template by PMPdeL

References

English Wikipedia - 7th Queen's Own Hussars

Fortescue, J. W., A History of the British Army, Vol. II, MacMillan, London, 1899

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

George II, The Royal Clothing Warrant, 1751

Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II

Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately does not seem to be online any more)

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgements

Digby Smith for additional info on the regiment.