Difference between revisions of "Alt Zastrow Infantry"

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(Standardization of all articles on the Hanoverian Army)
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==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
In June 1759, the regiment was part of the main Allied army under the command of the [[Ferdinand of Brunswick|Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick]]. On July 27 in the afternoon, the [[Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand|Hereditary Prince]] set off from Petershagen, near Minden, with 6 bns, including this regiment, and 8 dragoon sqns, totalling some 6,000 men, and marched south-westward towards Lübbecke to threaten the French left flank and the supply line between Minden and Paderborn. On August 1, the regiment was part of the centre of the corps of the Hereditary Prince who attacked and defeated Brissac's French corps at the [[1759-08-01 - Engagement of Gohfeld|engagement of Gohfeld]]. During this engagement, the regiment repulsed the French cavalry.
+
In June 1759, the regiment was part of the main Allied army under the command of the [[Ferdinand of Brunswick|Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick]]. On July 27 in the afternoon, the [[Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand|Hereditary Prince]] set off from Petershagen, near Minden, with 6 bns, including this regiment, and 8 dragoon sqns, totalling some 6,000 men, and marched south-westward towards Lübbecke to threaten the French left flank and the supply line between Minden and Paderborn. On August 1, the regiment was part of the centre of the corps of the Hereditary Prince who attacked and defeated Brissac's French corps in the [[1759-08-01 - Engagement of Gohfeld|Engagement of Gohfeld]]. During this engagement, the regiment repulsed the French cavalry.
  
On July 10 1760, the regiment was present at the [[1760-07-10 - Combat of Corbach|combat of Corbach]] where it formed part of the reserve. It was not engaged in any fighting. On October 10, it was at the [[1760-10-16 - Battle of Clostercamp|battle of Clostercamp]] but was attached to the containing force, under Major-general von Bock, posted north of Rheinberg
+
On July 10 1760, the regiment was present at the [[1760-07-10 - Combat of Corbach|Combat of Corbach]] where it formed part of Lieutenant-General von Gilsa's Reserve. It was not engaged in any fighting. On October 10, it was at the [[1760-10-16 - Battle of Clostercamp|Battle of Clostercamp]] but was attached to the containing force, under Major-General von Bock, posted north of Rheinberg
  
On July 16 1761, the regiment took part in the [[1761-07-16 - Battle of Vellinghausen|battle of Vellinghausen]] where it was attached to the reserve.
+
On July 16 1761, the regiment took part in the [[1761-07-16 - Battle of Vellinghausen|Battle of Vellinghausen]] where it was attached to the reserve.
  
By May 23 1762, the regiment was attached to the main Allied army in Major-general von Bock's Brigade. On June 24, the regiment took part in the [[1762-06-24 - Battle of Wilhelmsthal|battle of Wilhelmsthal]].
+
By May 23 1762, the regiment was attached to the main Allied army in Major-General von Bock's Brigade. On June 24, the regiment took part in the [[1762-06-24 - Battle of Wilhelmsthal|Battle of Wilhelmsthal]].
  
 
==Uniform==
 
==Uniform==
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==Colours==
 
==Colours==
Colonel Flag: White field bearing the arms of Hanover (common to all Hanoverian infantry regiments).
+
'''Colonel Colour''': white field bearing the arms of Hanover (common to all Hanoverian infantry regiments).
 
[[File:Hanoverian Standard Colonel Flag.jpg|center|frame|Colonel Colour - Source: Hannoverdidi]]
 
[[File:Hanoverian Standard Colonel Flag.jpg|center|frame|Colonel Colour - Source: Hannoverdidi]]
  
Regimental Flag: Red field with a lion couchant on a mound surrounded by pale green palm wreaths, bounded together by a ribbon. Scroll above reads ''VIGILANTIA VINCIT''. Hereafter, we present an illustration from the Reitzenstein Sammlung, dating from circa 1761 (left) and the interpretation of Hannoverdidi (right).
+
'''Regimental Colours: red field with a lion couchant on a mound surrounded by pale green palm wreaths, bounded together by a ribbon. Scroll above reads ''VIGILANTIA VINCIT''. Hereafter, we present an illustration from the Reitzenstein Sammlung, dating from circa 1761 (left) and the interpretation of Hannoverdidi (right).
  
 
{| align="center"
 
{| align="center"
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==References==
 
==References==
Biles, Bill, ''The Hanoverian Army in the 18th Century'', Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VI No. 3
+
Biles, Bill: ''The Hanoverian Army in the 18th Century'', Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VI No. 3
  
 
''Gmundener Prachtwerk'', ''circa'' 1761
 
''Gmundener Prachtwerk'', ''circa'' 1761
  
Knötel, and Hans M. Brauer, ''Heer und Tradition''
+
Knötel, and Hans M. Brauer: ''Heer und Tradition''
  
Pengel & Hurt, ''German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762'', Imperial Press
+
Pengel & Hurt: ''German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762'', Imperial Press
  
 
Reitzenstein Sammlung, Bomann Museum, Celle
 
Reitzenstein Sammlung, Bomann Museum, Celle
  
Vial J. L., [http://vial.jean.free.fr/new_npi/ Nec Pluribus Impar]
+
Vial J. L.: [http://vial.jean.free.fr/new_npi/ Nec Pluribus Impar]
 
 
[http://games.groups.yahoo.com/group/LaceWars/ Yahoo LaceWars Group] Message No. 13656
 
 
 
[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/syw/ Yahoo SYW Group] Message No. 1481
 
  
 
[[Category:Hanoverian Land Unit]]
 
[[Category:Hanoverian Land Unit]]

Revision as of 22:31, 7 February 2016

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hanoverian Army >> Alt Zastrow Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1665 as the Cellische Leibregiment. It later joined the Hanoverian army and then took the name of its successive colonels. It garrisoned at Ratzburg and Molln.

During the Seven Years War the regimental inhabers were:

  • from 1740: von Zastrow
  • from 1756: Alt-Zastrow
  • from 1761: von Otten

Service during the War

In June 1759, the regiment was part of the main Allied army under the command of the Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick. On July 27 in the afternoon, the Hereditary Prince set off from Petershagen, near Minden, with 6 bns, including this regiment, and 8 dragoon sqns, totalling some 6,000 men, and marched south-westward towards Lübbecke to threaten the French left flank and the supply line between Minden and Paderborn. On August 1, the regiment was part of the centre of the corps of the Hereditary Prince who attacked and defeated Brissac's French corps in the Engagement of Gohfeld. During this engagement, the regiment repulsed the French cavalry.

On July 10 1760, the regiment was present at the Combat of Corbach where it formed part of Lieutenant-General von Gilsa's Reserve. It was not engaged in any fighting. On October 10, it was at the Battle of Clostercamp but was attached to the containing force, under Major-General von Bock, posted north of Rheinberg

On July 16 1761, the regiment took part in the Battle of Vellinghausen where it was attached to the reserve.

By May 23 1762, the regiment was attached to the main Allied army in Major-General von Bock's Brigade. On June 24, the regiment took part in the Battle of Wilhelmsthal.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756 and 1759 - Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced yellow with a sprig of oak leaves, three red/white pom poms and a black cockade
Grenadier
Alt Zastrow Infantry Grenadier Mitre Cap - Source: Hannoverdidi
British style mitre cap with a small front flap. White front with white horse below a gold crown all on a red field. Below is a brass shield of the Hanoverian arms supported by the lion and unicorn. Small white flap with stylised engraved grenade. Red sack, white base lined with yellow lace.
Neckstock black
Coat red with 2 brass buttons and 2 yellow buttonholes under the lapels (hidden by the sleeve in our plate)
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red (left shoulder)
Lapels white with 7 brass buttons and 7 yellow buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 brass buttons and 2 yellow buttonholes
Cuffs white (slashed in the British pattern) with 3 brass buttons and 2 yellow buttonholes just above each cuff on the sleeves
Turnbacks white fastened with a brass button
Waistcoat white with 2 horizontal pockets, each with 3 brass buttons
Breeches straw yellow
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black


Troopers were armed with a musket and a sword (brass hilt) and carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Officers

Officers had gold lace lining the cuffs and lapels, a black cockade hat, a gold gorget with the arms of Hanover in the centre and carried a yellow sash slung over the right shoulder. Sergeants wore straw gloves. Partizans were carried.

Musicians

Drummers wore a red coat with swallows nest and lace in yellow.

The drum pattern had hoops in alternating white and red diagonal stripes, white drum cords over a brass drum with the Arms of Hanover in the centre.

Colours

Colonel Colour: white field bearing the arms of Hanover (common to all Hanoverian infantry regiments).

Colonel Colour - Source: Hannoverdidi

Regimental Colours: red field with a lion couchant on a mound surrounded by pale green palm wreaths, bounded together by a ribbon. Scroll above reads VIGILANTIA VINCIT. Hereafter, we present an illustration from the Reitzenstein Sammlung, dating from circa 1761 (left) and the interpretation of Hannoverdidi (right).

Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of the Reitzenstein Sammlung (circa 1761)
Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of user Hannoverdidi

References

Biles, Bill: The Hanoverian Army in the 18th Century, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VI No. 3

Gmundener Prachtwerk, circa 1761

Knötel, and Hans M. Brauer: Heer und Tradition

Pengel & Hurt: German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Reitzenstein Sammlung, Bomann Museum, Celle

Vial J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar