Arkhangelogorodskiy Dragoons

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Russian Army >> Arkhangelogorodskiy Dragoons

Origin and History

no information available yet

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information available yet

Service during the War

In 1756, at the beginning of the war, the regiment was stationed at Smolensk. In the autumn, it was transferred to the western border.

In 1757, the regiment took part in the campaign in East Prussia under General Count Apraxin. On August 30, at the Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf, it was probably part of the combined cavalry held in reserve.

In January 1758, the regiment took part in the Russian invasion of East Prussia. In July of the same year, it also took part in the invasion of Brandenburg. On August 25, the regiment fought at the Battle of Zorndorf where it was part of the first line of the cavalry left wing. On September 11, during the retreat of the Russian army, the regiment was part of Rumyantsev's Corps who made a junction with the main army at Landsberg and encamped on the left bank of the Wartha. About mid November, the regiment took its winter-quarters in Hohenstein (present-day Olsztynek) as part of Resanov's 2nd Division.

On July 23 1759, a few squadrons of the regiment took part in the Battle of Paltzig where they were part of Morbvinov's detachment marching to the Russian camp. A few weeks later, on August 12, the regiment fought in the Battle of Kunersdorf where it was deployed on the extreme left of the first line of the left wing as part of Gaugreben's Brigade.

To do: campaigns from 1760

Uniform

During summer, Russian dragoons did not wear coats. These were left in the baggage. For this reason, we present two different plates.

Troopers

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Frédéric Aubert

Summer uniform in 1757 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform Details
Headgear
Dragoon black felt tricorne laced white with a white cockade on the left fastened with a copper button
Grenadier until 1759: mitre with a brass front plate embossed with trophies of weapons and standards and carrying in its centre the regimental coat of arms surmounted by the Imperial Eagle, a black leather skull-cap and neck guard with brass reinforcements and decorations, a white wool pompom

from 1759: black felt tricorne laced white with a white cockade on the left fastened with a bronze button

Neckstock black
Coat cornflower blue lined red; with copper buttons and red trimmed buttonholes

N.B.: the coat was not worn during summer

Collar red
Shoulder straps none
Lapels none
Pockets none
Cuffs red
Turnbacks red
Gloves buff
Waistcoat chamois leather fastened with hooks and eyes; with cornflower blue collar and cuffs (3 copper buttons on each cuff); horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons
Breeches chamois leather with white knee covers
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black with a copper plate carrying the regimental arms
Scabbard black leather
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth cornflower blue without lace
Housings cornflower blue without lace
Blanket roll n/a


Troopers were armed with a short carbine, two pistols and a sabre.

NCOs

Corporals wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers.

Other NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • gold laced tricorne
  • gold laced collar
  • gold laced cuffs:
    • 1 stripe for Unterfähnrich
    • 2 stripes for armourers and quartermasters
    • 3 stripes for sergeant

Officers

Officers wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • gold laced tricorne
  • gilt buttons
  • no turnbacks
  • black and gold silken sash
  • cornflower blue saddlecloth and housings laced gold carrying the imperial cipher

Musicians

Musicians wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • swallow nests at the shoulders

The kettle-drum and the trumpets were made of copper. The banners were of the colour of the squadron standards. The banner of the kettle-drum was embroidered and fringed in gold.

Colours

Dragoons still carried standards of the 1731 pattern, measuring 123 cm by 142 cm (some sources indicate a square 150 cm by 150 cm standards). The flagpole had a gilt finial.

Leib Standard: white field fringed in silver; centre device consisting of an Imperial Eagle bearing the regimental arms on a breastplate encircled by the necklace of the St. George's Order and the cross of St. Andrew, and surmounted by a red and gold crown; corner devices consisting of the crowned imperial cipher within a wreath all in silver.

Regimental Standards: green field fringed in silver; centre device consisting of a silver crown surmounting a silver shield bearing the regimental arms.

Leib standard - Source: rf-figuren
Regimental standard - Source: rf-figuren

The first squadron carried the white colonel (Leib) standard while the 4 other squadrons each carried one regimental standard.

References

Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen, Part 3: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 4 Groß-Jägersdorf und Breslau, Berlin 1902

  • chapter A: Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 1-46
  • appendix: supplement 1, Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 3-18

Konstam, Angus, and Bill Younghusband: Russian Army of the Seven Years War, vol. 2, Osprey Military, London, Reed International, 1996

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by the KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989

Viskovatov, A. V.: Historical Description of the Clothing and Arms of the Russian Army, vol. 3, Petersburg: 1900

Volker Ziegler, Brühl: Die Russische Kavallerie zur Zeit des Siebenjährigen Krieges (1756-1763)

Zweguintzov: L'Armee Russe, 1973

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.