Bakhmut Cossacks

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Origin and History

The Bakhmut Fortress was located at the junction of the territories of the Don Cossacks, Slobodian Cossacks and Zaporozhje Cossacks.

In 1748, the Cossacks of Bakhmut, Mayak and Tor sotnias were converged together into the Bakhmut Cossack regiment. [2]

By 1755, the regiment counted 311 men [1]:

  • 1 colonel
  • 3 yesauls (assistant commanders)
  • 3 rittmeisters
  • 1 clerk
  • 3 khorunzhyis (colour bearers)
  • 300 Cossacks

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • no information found

Service during the War

In 1756, these Cossacks were stationed in their initial territory. They did not participate in any campaign of the Seven Years' War.


Illustrations of Cossacks
The Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection at Brown University make available a large number of illustrations depicting Cossacks. Even though they are mostly of the 1812-1815 period, they give a fairly good idea of the way Cossacks dressed during this era.

At the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, these Cossacks did not wear uniforms. The following description is very conjectural and based on the clothing of other Cossack units.

Caftans and waistcoats were often made of blue cloth. Their hair was cut in roundel. They wore a high bonnet of sheepskin. Coats of rank and file were girdled with an ordinary sabre strap or a belt of coarse fabric material. Leaders wore silken belt from Persia or Poland over the sabre belt. Sabre was worn over the waistcoat. Some Cossacks, especially the rank and file had only a mustache, beard was less common. They wore woollen trousers, half boots of black Morocco leather or simple leather. The Cossacks trousers were similar to the Turkish ones, but much tighter.

Troopers were usually armed with a lance, a sabre and a pistol. They could also carry a knife and a musket.


no information found


This unit had probably no official standard even though they may had some unofficial ones.


[1] Maslovskiy, Dmitrij Fedorovich: Russkaia armija w siemieletnjuju wojnu, Vol. 1

[2] Russian Wikipedia


Roman Shlygin for the initial version of this article