Origin and History
This tercio of cavalry was raised in Flanders on 12 January 1676 by Nicolas Hartmant. The Venloo Dragoons contributed one squadron to the new tercio. The year of its creation, the tercio took part in the unsuccessful attempt to relieve Bouchain. In 1677, it took part in the Battle of Cassel and in the unsuccessful siege of Charleroi. In 1678, it fought in the Battle of Saint-Denis.
In 1683 and 1684, the tercio took part in operations against the French in the Spanish Netherlands and in the Duchy of Luxembourg.
In 1689, during the Nine Years' War (1688–97), the tercio took part in the Battle of Walcourt. In 1690, it fought in the Battle of Fleurus; in 1691, in the Battle of Leuze; in 1693, in the Battle of Landen. In 1694, it took part in the attack of the bridge of Speyer and in the siege and capture of Huy; in 1695, in the siege and capture of Namur.
On March 31 1701, all Spanish dragoon tercios serving in the Spanish Netherlands were reorganised along the lines of the French dragoon regiments at the request of the Maréchal de Boufflers.
In 1702, during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), the regiment took part in an engagement near Nijmegen. In 1703, it participated in the Siege of Landau and in the Combat of Speyerbach; and in 1704, in the disastrous Battle of Blenheim. In 1705, it was posted in the Lines of Wissembourg. In 1706, the regiment was transferred to the Spanish Netherlands where it fought in the Battle of Ramillies. In 1707, it took part in an attack on the Lines of Stollhofen; in 1708, in the Battle of Oudenarde; and in 1709, in the Battle of Malplaquet. In 1710, the regiment evacuated the Spanish Netherlands and marched through France to Catalonia where it fought against the insurgents before taking part in the siege of Gerona. In 1711, it operated in the mountains of Aragon and Catalonia, taking part in the capture of the Castle of Arenys, Benasque and Castell-Ileó. In 1712 and 1713, the regiment continued to occupy the region of Rivagorza. In 1714, it pursued the insurgents in the mountains and completed the pacification of Catalonia.
In 1717, the regiment contributed 50 dragoons to the expedition sent to Sardinia. On February 10 1718, the regiment was renamed “Batavia,” replacing its green uniforms with new yellow uniforms. In 1718, the entire regiment was sent to Sicily, occupying Palermo and taking part in the siege of Messina and in the Battle of Milazzo. In 1719, it fought in the Battle of Francavilla; and in 1720, in the combat of Sferracaballo. In 1721, it returned to Spain.
In 1721, the regiment was quartered in Ampurdan.
In 1740, on the eve of the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment was transferred to Jaen. In 1741, it was sent to Galicia where it took up quarters in Santiago,, replacing the 2,000 men sent to Lombardy. In 1742, it was transferred to Murcia where it guarded the coasts. In 1744, it was sent to the island of Majorca.
In 1749, the regiment was still posted in Majorca when it was completed by soldiers from the disbanded “Fusilieros de Montaña”
In 1755, a detachment of 1 captain, 2 sergeants, 1 drummer and 17 dragoons embarked at Palma for Alicante.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- no information available yet
On September 20 1765, the regiment was renamed “Almansa.”
Service during the War
The regiment spent the entire war on the island of Majorca.
|Headgear||black tricorne laced silver with a red cockade fastened with a white button|
|Coat||yellow with white buttons under the lapels
|Waistcoat||blue laced white with white buttons, horizontal pockets laced white with white buttonholes|
no information available yet
Musicians probably wore a uniform with reversed colours: blue coat with yellow facings.
In 1718, the regiment received new guidons whose centre device consisted of an image of Santa Barbara leaning on a tower and surrounded by rays.
This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XV, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 244-264
Album de Taccoli, 1759
Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.