Bavarian Leib-Regiment

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Bavarian Army >> Bavarian Leib-Regiment

Origin and History

The regiment consisted of 3 battalions. Each of these battalions counted 4 fusilier companies (140 men each) and 1 grenadier company (100 men). Furthermore, each battalion had 2 light 4-pdr battalion guns.

Since October 1 1751, the entire regiment garrisoned Munich.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment Inhaber was:

  • since January 20 1745 until 1777: Max Joseph III Prince Elector of Bavaria

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • from 1756 to 1759: Colonel Ferdinand Baron von und zu Freyen-Seyboltstorff
  • 1759: Major-general Joseph Heinrich Baron von Pechmann
  • 1759: Major-general Johann Christian Joseph Baron von Herold

Service during the War

In April 1757, the third battalion of this regiment was assigned to the Auxiliary Corps which was being assembled to serve with the Austrian Army on the basis of a subsidy contract settled with France on March 29. In July, its second battalion also joined this Auxiliary Corps which was assigned to the Austrian corps under the command of Count Nádasdy. Both battalions were below strength. Grenadier companies usually fought alongside the regiment. Occasionally, the grenadiers were detached to form an elite battalion of converged grenadiers.

In October 1757, the second and third battalions took part to the siege of Schweidnitz. On November 22, they were at the battle of Breslau where they formed part of the corps of Count Seyssel d’Aix on the right wing of the second line. A few weeks later, on December 5 at the battle of Leuthen, these 2 battalions were part of Nádasdy's corps deployed on the left wing. They were placed in the center of the first line of this corps near the Württemberger contingent whose fate they shared, being routed by the Prussian troops who attacked the flank of the left wing.

In 1758, the second and third battalions were present at Troppau, at the siege of Olmütz and at the siege of Neisse.

In January 1759, the two battalions previously assigned to the Auxiliary Corps returned to Munich and remained in Bavaria till the end of the war.

Uniform

Privates before 1760

Uniform in 1757 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white
Grenadier Austrian style bearskin
Neckstock red
Coat Austrian style blue coat with 3 white buttons and 3 white buttonholes under the lapel and 1 white button in the small of the back
Collar white
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels white with 8 white buttons and 8 white buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 white buttons
Cuffs white with 3 white buttons and 3 white buttonholes
Turnbacks white
Waistcoat white
Breeches white
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard none
Footgear black shoes


Privates from 1760

Uniform in 1760 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform in 1761 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white
Grenadier Austrian style bearskin
Neckstock red
Coat Austrian style blue coat (changed to sky blue in 1761) with 3 white buttons and 3 white diamond-shaped frogs under the lapel and 1 white button in the small of the back
Collar black
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels black with 8 white buttons and 8 white diamond-shaped frogs
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 white buttons
Cuffs black with 3 white buttons and 3 white diamond-shaped frogs
Turnbacks white
Waistcoat white
Breeches white
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black decorated with a brass grenade
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard none
Footgear black shoes


Other interpretations

Schirmer already indicates black as the distinctive colour of the regiment at the beginning of the war.

Not all authors mention white lace on the uniform before 1760.

Some authors indicate black turnbacks on the uniform from 1760.

Officers

The officers were distinguished by a silver lace on the tricorne which was also decorated with a black cockade fastened with a silver lace, a silver gorget decorated with golden arms of Bavaria.

The officers of the Leib-Regiment were further distinguished by a sash.

Musicians

Before 1760, drummers wore a white uniform with blue distinctives.

From 1760, drummers wore the uniform of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • white/black/blue woollen chevrons on the sleeves
  • white/black/blue laced swallow nest at the shoulders decorated with the yellow arms of Bavaria
  • white/black/blue laced cuffs

White bandolier edged white/blue.

The brass drum barrel carried the arms of Bavaria on a field of white and blue stripes.

Colours

Bavarian regiments carried 2 colours per battalion. The first battalion of each regiment carried the Leibfahne and a Kompaniefahne while other battalions carried two Kompaniefahne.

Colonel Flag - Source: Volker Scholz and Richard Couture from a template by PMPdeL
Ordonnance Flag - Source: PMPdeL


N.B.: From ca. 1748, the Inhaber of the regiments had the possibility to influence the design of the Leibfahne after their wish, using individual images of the Madonna.

References

The Army of Max III Joseph

Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D., Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. I. Teil: Zusammensetzung und Organisation, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J

Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D.; Weirich, W.-D., Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. II. Teil: Die einzelnen Einheiten, ihre Stärke, Zusammensetzung, Uniform und Feldzeichen, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J.

Funken, Liliane and Fred, Historische Uniformen, Vol. 2

Military Miniatures Magazin

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, hrsg. von der KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, überarb. u. aktual. Neuauflage 1989

Staudinger, Karl, Geschichte des kurbayerischen Heeres unter Kurfürst Karl Albrecht - Kaiser Karl VII. - und Max III. Joseph 1726 - 1777, (Geschichte des bayerischen Heeres 3), J. Lindauer, Munich, 1909

Acknowledgments

rf-figuren for the initial version of this article