Origin and History
The regiment was created on September 9 1684. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served on the Rhine in 1733 and 1734.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was iat Fribourg and Kronenburg in 1744. In 1745, it served in Flanders. In 1746, it was transferred to Provence. In 1747, it was stationed at Nice, then at Genoa in 1748.
The regiment counted only one battalion.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 78th and was under the command of:
- since February 1749: marquis de Sablonnières
Service during the War
At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment was stationed in Bretagne to defend the coasts against British incursions. By August 1 1757, it was stationed at La Rochelle in the Aunis country.
In 1761, the regiment took part in the defence of Belle-Isle where it had assumed garrison duty.
|Coat||grey-white with slashed (???) sleeves
|Waistcoat||grey-white (blue in 1761)|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
Cuffs were made of blue velvet.
The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross with four opposed cantons. Each canton consisted of red, yellow and green horizontal bands. Ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1684 to 1763.
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé
Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891
Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre
Yahoo SYW Group Message No. 1710
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.