Bigorre Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Bigorre Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on September 9 1684. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.

During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served on the Rhine in 1733 and 1734.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was iat Fribourg and Kronenburg in 1744. In 1745, it served in Flanders. In 1746, it was transferred to Provence. In 1747, it was stationed at Nice, then at Genoa in 1748.

The regiment counted only one battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 78th and was under the command of:

  • since February 1749: marquis de Sablonnières

Service during the War

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment was stationed in Bretagne to defend the coasts against British incursions. By August 1 1757, it was stationed at La Rochelle in the Aunis country.

In 1761, the regiment took part in the defence of Belle-Isle where it had assumed garrison duty.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes militaires 1758,
and Etat militaire 1761
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Neckstock black
Coat grey-white with slashed (???) sleeves
Collar none (blue in 1761)
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets (3 copper buttons on each pocket)
Cuffs blue with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat grey-white (blue in 1761)
Breeches grey-white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

Cuffs were made of blue velvet.

Musicians

n/a

Colours

The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross with four opposed cantons. Each canton consisted of red, yellow and green horizontal bands. Ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1684 to 1763.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé

Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre

Yahoo SYW Group Message No. 1710

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.