Origin and History
The regiment descended from the 1661 Dragonregementet which was formed in the former danish provinces (Skåne-Bohusläns dragonregement) for Colonel Rutger von Ascheberg. It initially consisted of only 4 companies. In 1674, the unit was brought to the full strength of a regular cavalry regiment by adding 4 companies from Halland.
At the beginning of the Scanian War, in 1676, the regiment fought at the battles of Halmstad on August 17 and Lund on December 4, where it suffered heavy losses. On July 14 1677, it took part in the Battle of Landskrona. In July 1678, the regiment was part of the force who relieved the fortress of Bohus. A few weeks later, it fought at the Battle of Uddevalla (August 28).
In 1685-89, the regiment was incorporated into the Indelta system.
During the Great Northern War, the regiment initially served on the Danish border in 1700. In 1709, it served on the border of the Province of Bohuslän. On February 28 1710, it took part in the Battle of Helsingborg. It also took an active part in the campaign of 1715. In 1716 and 1718 the regiment participated in the Norwegian campaign.
In 1720, it incorporated half of the "Riksankedrottningens Livregementet". In 1727 the regiment was renamed the Bohuslän Dragoon Regiment. It was also known as the "Green Dragoons" or "German Dragoons" and counted 8 companies for a total of 904 men.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- no information available yet
Service during the War
In 1758, 2 companies (300 men) of the regiment were sent to Pomerania to reinforce the Swedish expeditionary force operating against Prussia.
|Headgear||black tricorne without lace and with a brass button on the left side|
|Coat||Russian green lined yellow with 12 brass buttons down the front and 2 brass buttons in the small of the back
|Breeches||buckskin or reindeer skin|
Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a short dragoon musket and a bayonet.
The officers wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following exceptions:
- a gold laced tricorne
- black breeches (sometimes)
- housings and holster caps laced gold
The NCOS wore the same uniform as the troopers with the unique distinction of a narrow golden lace on the tricorne.
The musicians wore green uniforms with yellow swallow nests laced white at the shoulders. The uniform had no additional laces.
The drums were made of brass with white rims. The trumpets were made of brass with a medium blue banner.
The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always striped in blue and yellow. The standards was swallow tailed, had gold finials, and gold and silver cords, tassels and fringe.
Lifstandar (colonel standard): white field; borders heavily embroidered in gold and silver; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions; the upper inner corner carried a red tower flanked by a blue lion (on the right) and a blue sword (on the left).
Kompanistandar (ordonnance standard): Russian green field; borders heavily embroidered in gold and silver; centre device consisting of the royal cipher “AF” surmounted by a silver crown and with 2 silver palm branches beneath tied with a red ribbon.
The colonel's squadron carried the Lifstandar, each other squadron had a Kompanistandar.
This article contains texts translated from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Großer Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16
Brolin, Gunnar: 18th C. Swedish Military Flags - Part I: Standards and Guidons, 18th Century Military Notes & Queries No. 5
Högman, Hans: Svenska regementen under indelningsverkets dagar (broken link)
Höglund, Lars-Eric and Sallnäs, Ake: The Great Northern War 1700-1721, Colours and Uniforms, Acedia Press, Karlstadt, 2000
Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt: Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983
Purky, Jim: Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989
Schorr, Dan: Uniforms of the Swedish Army, 1757-1762, The Courrier, June-July 1979
Schorr, Dan: Swedish Cavalry Standards 1757-1762, The Courrier, December 1979-January 1980
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.