Origin and History
The Bolgárskiy Hussar Regiment was raised on May 10, 1759 by General Horvat among New Serbians who did not want to settle, to reinforce the Russian light cavalry. It consisted of 10 companies in 5 squadrons for a total of 1,200 men. Its kernel consisted of troopers from Horvat Hussars. An unidentified Russian source even mentions that the regiment did not receive its uniforms before being disbanded.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- no information found yet
Service during the War
The regiment was not engaged in any European campaign during the war.
The uniform was reportedly identical to the uniform worn by the Zholtiy Hussars but we have not found any strong evidence of this.
|Dolman||yellow with black braids and brass buttons
|Breeches||yellow decorated with intricate black loops (white loops as per Funcken)|
Troopers were armed with a short, curved sabre and two pistols (no carbine). Zweguintzov mentions that Russian hussars also carried a carbine.
Officers wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:
- gold cords and lace
- yellow Hungarian boots
- pelisse trimmed with grey fur
NCOs wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:
- gold cords, knots and tassels on the mirliton
- gold lace
- a golden braid on the border of the collar
- golden braids on the sleeve (2 for the vakhmistr, 1 for quartermaster)
There was 1 kettle-drummer for the regiment and 1 trumpeter for each of the 10 companies. They wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:
- small wings on the shoulders
- braids of an unknown colour
Trumpets and kettle drums were made of copper and decorated with black lace and cords.
Russian hussar regiments carried no standards during the Seven Years' War.
Funcken, L. and F.: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Gromoboy, Vlad: The Russian Pandours - Pandour Hussars (1741-61), Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XII No. 1
Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 4 Groß-Jägersdorf und Breslau, Berlin 1902
- chapter A: Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 1-46
- appendix: supplement 1, Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 3-18
Konstam A. & Younghusband B.: Russian Army of the Seven Years War, Osprey, London, 1996
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, hrsg. von der KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, überarb. u. aktual. Neuauflage 1989
Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar
Zweguintzov: L'Armee Russe, 1973