Origin and History
The regiment was created by an ordonnance issued by the Governor of the Spanish Netherlands on December 18 1694. In 1695, the regiment was transferred to Catalonia. On November 25, the ten companies, under the command of the Count de Tilly, were incorporated in the Spanish Army.
In 1696, during the Nine Years' War (1688–97), the regiment took part in a combat at Hostalrich. In 1697, it took part in the defence of Barcelona until its surrender on August 10.
On December 6 1701, at the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–13) the regiment embarked at Barcelona and sailed to Italy. In 1702, it served in Lombardy and was present at the Battle of Luzzara. In 1703, the regiment campaigned in the region of Piacenza and took part in the Combat of San Sebastiano. In 1704, it was at the sieges of Vercelli and Ivrea; in 1705, at the siege of Verrua, at the engagements of Montedemo and Crema. It also distinguished itself in the Battle of Cassano. In 1706, it took part in the Battle of Calcinato, in the siege of Turin and in the disastrous Battle of Turin. It then retired to Pinerolo where it received orders to march towards Germany. In 1707, the regiment took part in the attack on the Lines of Stollhofen and in the ensuing campaign in Swabia. By July, it was assuming garrison duty in Dôle (Franche Comté). In 1708, the regiment was sent to the Spanish Netherlands and was at the Battle of Oudenarde and at the actions of Berchen and Denain. In 1709, it fought in the Battle of Malplaquet. After this defeat, it was forced to retire to Spain. In 1710, it took part in the reconquest of Estradilla and in the Battle of Almenar, in the engagement of Peñalva, in the Battle of Saragossa and in the decisive Combat of Villaviciosa. In 1711 and 1712, the regiment fought against the insurgents.
In 1714, the regiment was sent to reinforce the troops besieging Barcelona.
In 1715, one squadron of the regiment joined the expedition against Majorca. In 1717, another squadron was sent to Sardinia.
In 1718, two squadrons of the regiment took part in the expedition for the reconquest of Sicily. They fought in the Combat of Sfera-Caballo. In 1719, the rest of the regiment served on the frontier between Aragon and Catalonia and contributed to the recapture of the place of Seo de Urgel.
In 1733, at the outbreak of the War of the Polish Succession (1733–35), the regiment embarked for Tuscany and took part in the reconquest of the Kingdom of Naples, taking part in the Battle of Bitonto (May 25 1734) and in the capture of Capua. In 1735, it campaigned in Lombardy and took part in the capture of Mirandola. At the end of the war, it returned to Spain.
In 1742, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48), the regiment took part in the campaign in Piedmont. In 1744, it took part in the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo; in 1745, in the siege and capture of Tortona, in the Battle of Bassignano, in the siege of Valencia and in the occupation of Casale; in 1746, in the Battle of Piacenza and in the Battle of Rottofreddo. At the end of the war, it returned to Spain.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
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The regiment was disbanded in November 1762 and incorporated into Alcantara Cavalry.
Service during the War
In 1762, the regiment joined the army assembling for the planned invasion of Portugal. It was deployed on the left of the first line. In June, it took part in the siege and capture of Almeida. It later participated in the capture of Bragança and Chaves. After a victorious engagement at Fundão, it took up cantons in Villar del Rey.
|Headgear||black tricorne laced white with a black cockade|
|Coat||white with 1 white button on each side in the small of the back and small white buttons on each side to fasten the basques
|Waistcoat||blue with white buttons and horizontal pockets with white buttons|
no information available yet
Musicians probably wore a uniform with reversed colours: blue coat with white facings.
The regiment had the privilege to have a cymbal player dressed in the Turkish fashion to lead its musicians. This privilege had been granted after the combat of Sfera-Caballo in Sicily fought on April 21 1720 where the regiment attacked and defeated the Austrian Starhemberg Cavalry, capturing a musician dressed and equipped in this manner.
The regimental standards were made of crimson damask embroidered and bordered in gold. The centre device consisted of a silver escutcheon carrying two red rings.
This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XIV, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 324-330
Album de Taccoli, 1759
Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.