Difference between revisions of "Bresse Infanterie"

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(Created page with "<small>Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> {{PAGENAME}}</small> ==Origin and History== The regi...")
 
(Added info from Susane's work)
 
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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
The regiment was created on September 14 1684 from a battalion of [[Normandie Infanterie]]. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to form soon against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.  
+
The regiment was created on September 14, 1684 from a battalion of [[Normandie Infanterie]] ] and named after the Province of Bresse.. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to form soon against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.  The regiment was given to René-Alexis Le Sénéchal, Comte de Carcado-Molac.
  
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment remained in France.  
+
In 1691, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of the Germany. In 1692, it was transferred to the Army of the Alps. In 1693, it took part in the defence of Pinerolo and in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1694, it served in Provence and embarked for Catalonia where it participated in the relief of Palamos. In 1696, the regiment was back in Italy where it took part in the siege of Valenza. In 1697, it was transferred to the Army of Flanders.
  
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment initially served in Bavaria in 1742. From 1745 to 1746, it took part to various actions in Flanders (Mons, Charleroi, Namur) and fought at Raucoux on October 11 1746. In 1747, the regiment was transferred to Provence.
+
In 1700, on the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), the regiment was allocated to the Army of Italy. In 1701, it took part in the Battle of Chiari; in 1702, in the capture of Luzzara; in 1703, in the capture of Nago, Arco and Asti; in 1704, in the storming of the entrenchments of Stradella, in the combat of Castelnuovo de Bormia and in the sieges of Vercelli, Ivrea and Verrua; in 1705, in the capture of Verrua and in the Battle of Cassano; and in 1706, in the Battle of Calcinato and in the siege of Turin. From 1707 to 1709, the regiment served with the Army of Dauphiné. In 1709, it was transferred to the Army of Flanders. In 1712, it took part in the Battle of Denain and in the sieges and recapture of Douai.
  
The regiment counted only one battalion.  
+
During the War of the Polish Succession (1733-35), the regiment remained in France.
 +
 
 +
In 1742, during the [[War of the Austrian Succession]] (1740-48), the regiment served in Bavaria, taking part in the Combat of Sahay, in the relief of Frawemberg and in the defence of Prague. In 1744, the regiment joined the Army of Flanders. In 1745, it was transferred to the Army of the Lower-Rhine. In 1746, it returned to Flanders and took part in the sieges of Mons, Charleroi and Namur and in the Battle of Rocoux. In 1747, it took part in the defence of Provence; and in 1748, in the defence of Genoa.
 +
 
 +
On the eve of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted only one battalion.  
  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 83<sup>rd</sup> and was under the command of:  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 83<sup>rd</sup> and was under the command of:  
*since December 1 1745: comte de Kercado-Molac
+
*from December 1, 1745: Louis-Gabriel Le Sénéchal, Comte de Carcado-Molac
*from February 20 1761 to November 25 1762: L. de Rozières, marquis de Sorans
+
*from February 20, 1761 to November 25, 1762: Louis-François de Rozières, Marquis de Sorans
  
 
When the French army was reorganised at the end of 1762, the regiment was disbanded on November 25.
 
When the French army was reorganised at the end of 1762, the regiment was disbanded on November 25.
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
By August 1 1757, the regiment was stationed at Granville in Lower Normandy. Later the same year, it was transferred to Bretagne to defend the coast against British incursions.  
+
In 1756, the regiment was stationed on the coasts of Normandie.
 +
 
 +
By August 1, 1757, the regiment was stationed at Granville in Lower Normandy. Later the same year, it was transferred to Bretagne to defend the coast against British incursions.  
  
On September 11 1758, the regiment took part to the combat of [[1758-09-11 - Combat of Saint-Cast|Saint-Cast]].
+
On September 11, 1758, the regiment took part to the combat of [[1758-09-11 - Combat of Saint-Cast|Saint-Cast]].
  
From 1759 to 1762, the regiment was stationed at Saint-Cast in Bretagne.
+
From 1759 to 1762, the regiment was stationed on the coast of Aunis.
  
 
==Uniform==
 
==Uniform==
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|}
 
|}
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Neckstock'''||black
+
|'''Neck&nbsp;stock'''||black
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Coat'''||grey-white
 
|'''Coat'''||grey-white
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|'''Pockets'''||horizontal pockets (6 small copper buttons sewn above each pocket)  
 
|'''Pockets'''||horizontal pockets (6 small copper buttons sewn above each pocket)  
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Cuffs'''||blue with 6 small copper buttons
+
|'''Cuffs'''||blue, each with 6 small copper buttons
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Turnbacks'''||''none''
 
|'''Turnbacks'''||''none''
Line 56: Line 62:
 
|'''Waistcoat'''||blue
 
|'''Waistcoat'''||blue
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Breeches'''||grey-white
+
|'''Breeches'''||grey-white (blue according to Susane)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Gaiters'''||white
 
|'''Gaiters'''||white
Line 90: Line 96:
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''  
+
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
 +
*Susane, Louis: ''Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française'', J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 228-229
 +
 
 +
'''Other sources'''
 +
 
 +
Funcken, Liliane and Fred: ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''  
  
Menguy, Patrice; [http://capitulationfigs.free.fr/sujetsdubienaime/acceuil.html Les Sujets du Bien Aimé]
+
Menguy, Patrice: ''Les Sujets du Bien Aimé'' (a very interesting website which has unfortunately disappeared from the web''
  
Mouillard, Lucien, ''Les Régiments sous Louis XV'', Paris: 1882  
+
Mouillard, Lucien: ''Les Régiments sous Louis XV'', Paris: 1882  
  
Pajol, Charles P. V., ''Les Guerres sous Louis XV'', vol. VII, Paris, 1891
+
Pajol, Charles P. V.: ''Les Guerres sous Louis XV'', vol. VII, Paris, 1891
  
Rogge, Christian; ''The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War'', Frankfurt, 2006
+
Rogge, Christian: ''The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War'', Frankfurt, 2006
  
 
''Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757'', Service Historique de l'armée de terre
 
''Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757'', Service Historique de l'armée de terre
  
 
[[Category:French Land Unit]]
 
[[Category:French Land Unit]]

Latest revision as of 14:19, 8 November 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Bresse Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on September 14, 1684 from a battalion of Normandie Infanterie ] and named after the Province of Bresse.. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to form soon against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to René-Alexis Le Sénéchal, Comte de Carcado-Molac.

In 1691, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of the Germany. In 1692, it was transferred to the Army of the Alps. In 1693, it took part in the defence of Pinerolo and in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1694, it served in Provence and embarked for Catalonia where it participated in the relief of Palamos. In 1696, the regiment was back in Italy where it took part in the siege of Valenza. In 1697, it was transferred to the Army of Flanders.

In 1700, on the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), the regiment was allocated to the Army of Italy. In 1701, it took part in the Battle of Chiari; in 1702, in the capture of Luzzara; in 1703, in the capture of Nago, Arco and Asti; in 1704, in the storming of the entrenchments of Stradella, in the combat of Castelnuovo de Bormia and in the sieges of Vercelli, Ivrea and Verrua; in 1705, in the capture of Verrua and in the Battle of Cassano; and in 1706, in the Battle of Calcinato and in the siege of Turin. From 1707 to 1709, the regiment served with the Army of Dauphiné. In 1709, it was transferred to the Army of Flanders. In 1712, it took part in the Battle of Denain and in the sieges and recapture of Douai.

During the War of the Polish Succession (1733-35), the regiment remained in France.

In 1742, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment served in Bavaria, taking part in the Combat of Sahay, in the relief of Frawemberg and in the defence of Prague. In 1744, the regiment joined the Army of Flanders. In 1745, it was transferred to the Army of the Lower-Rhine. In 1746, it returned to Flanders and took part in the sieges of Mons, Charleroi and Namur and in the Battle of Rocoux. In 1747, it took part in the defence of Provence; and in 1748, in the defence of Genoa.

On the eve of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted only one battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 83rd and was under the command of:

  • from December 1, 1745: Louis-Gabriel Le Sénéchal, Comte de Carcado-Molac
  • from February 20, 1761 to November 25, 1762: Louis-François de Rozières, Marquis de Sorans

When the French army was reorganised at the end of 1762, the regiment was disbanded on November 25.

Service during the War

In 1756, the regiment was stationed on the coasts of Normandie.

By August 1, 1757, the regiment was stationed at Granville in Lower Normandy. Later the same year, it was transferred to Bretagne to defend the coast against British incursions.

On September 11, 1758, the regiment took part to the combat of Saint-Cast.

From 1759 to 1762, the regiment was stationed on the coast of Aunis.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes militaires 1758,
and Etat militaire 1761
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Neck stock black
Coat grey-white
Collar blue
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets (6 small copper buttons sewn above each pocket)
Cuffs blue, each with 6 small copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat blue
Breeches grey-white (blue according to Susane)
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

Officers had gold button loops on the collar, cuffs, and waistcoat.

Musicians

n/a

Colours

The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross and each canton was subdivided into three horizontal bands alternating in green and yellow and disposed in opposition. Ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1684 to 1762.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 228-229

Other sources

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a very interesting website which has unfortunately disappeared from the web

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre