Difference between revisions of "Brie Infanterie"

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(Created page with "<small>Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> {{PAGENAME}}</small> ==Origin and History== The regi...")
 
(Added info from Susane's work)
 
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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
The regiment was created on September 18 1684. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among them.  
+
The regiment was created on September 18, 1684 and formed with companies taken from [[Picardie Infanterie]]. It took the name of the Province of Brie. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among them. The regiment was given to Armand de Béthune, Marquis de Charost.
  
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment initially served on the Rhine in 1733. In 1734, it was at Philippsburg and in 1735 at Klausen.  
+
In 1687, the regiment garrisoned Calais.
  
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was initially sent to Bavaria in 1742. In 1743, it took part in the defence of Eggenfeld. The regiment began the campaign of 1745 but was soon transferred to the Alps where it was stationed at Château-Dauphin until March 4 1746 when it had to surrender and became prisoner of war.
+
In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the conquest of Palatinate. It then served on the Rhine until 1693. From 1694 to 1696, it was allocated to the Army of Italy. In 1697, it was transferred to the Army of the Meuse.  
  
The regiment counted only one battalion.
+
In 1702, during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), the regiment was allocated to the Army of Germany and fought in the Battle of Friedlingen. In 1703, it took part in the sieges of Alt-Breisach and Landau, and in the Combat of Speyerbach. In 1704, it was allocated to the Army of the Alps. In 1705, it took part in the conquest of the County of Nice; in 1706, in the siege and Battle of Turin; and in 1707, in the defence of Toulon. From 1708 to 1713, the regiment served with the Army of the Rhine.
 +
 
 +
From 22 June 1726 to 1 June 1727, the regiment briefly changed name and was known as “Comte de La Marche Infanterie” before taking back its initial designation as “Brie Infanterie.”
 +
 
 +
In 1733, at the outbreak of the War of the Polish Succession (1733-35), the regiment initially served on the Rhine. In 1734, it took part in the siege of Philisbourg; and in 1735, in the Combat of Klausen.
 +
 
 +
In 1742, during the [[War of the Austrian Succession]] (1740-48), the regiment was sent to Bavaria and participated in the relief of Braunau. In 1743, it took part in the defence of Eggenfeld and then returned to the Rhine where it fought in the Combat of Rheinweiler. In 1744, the regiment was transferred to the Alps where it was stationed at Château-Dauphin. In 1746, it took part in the defence of Asti where it had to surrender as prisoners of war on March 4. In June 1747, it was exchanges and took post at Seyne. It then garrisoned Genoa until the end of the war.
 +
 
 +
On the eve of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted only one battalion.
  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 87<sup>th</sup> and was under the command of:  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 87<sup>th</sup> and was under the command of:  
*since January 1 1748 to September 11 1758: Chevalier de Polignac
+
*from January 1, 1748 to September 11, 1758: Louis-Denis-Auguste, Chevalier de Polignac
*from 1758: Marquis de Coislin
+
*from September 1758 to November 25, 1762: Marquis de Coislin
  
The regiment was disbanded on November 25 1762.
+
The regiment was disbanded on November 25, 1762.
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
 
In 1756, the regiment was assigned to the guard of the coasts of Bretagne, a role that it assumed until 1762.
 
In 1756, the regiment was assigned to the guard of the coasts of Bretagne, a role that it assumed until 1762.
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By August 1 1757, the regiment was stationed at Saint-Servan.
 
By August 1 1757, the regiment was stationed at Saint-Servan.
  
In September 1758, during the [[1758 - British second expedition against the French Coasts|second British expedition against the coasts of France]], the regiment was garrisoning Saint-Malo along with [[Boulonnais Infanterie]]. On September 10, it joined the French force assembling at Lamballe to attack the retiring British army. On September 11, it took part to the [[1758-09-11 - Combat of Saint-Cast|combat of Saint-Cast]] where it supported the first assault. Its colonel, the chevalier de Polignac, was killed during this action.
+
In September 1758, during the [[1758 - British second expedition against the French Coasts|second British expedition against the coasts of France]], the regiment was garrisoning Saint-Malo along with [[Boulonnais Infanterie]]. On September 10, it joined the French force assembling at Lamballe to attack the retiring British army. On September 11, it took part to the [[1758-09-11 - Combat of Saint-Cast|combat of Saint-Cast]] where it supported the first assault. Its colonel, the Chevalier de Polignac, was killed during this action.
  
To do: campaigns from 1759 to 1762
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On November 25, 1762, the regiment was disbanded.
  
 
==Uniform==
 
==Uniform==
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|}
 
|}
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Neckstock'''||black
+
|'''Neck&nbsp;stock'''||black
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Coat'''||grey-white with copper buttons down to the waist on the right side
 
|'''Coat'''||grey-white with copper buttons down to the waist on the right side
Line 96: Line 104:
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''  
+
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
 +
*Susane, Louis: ''Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française'', J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 232-234
 +
 
 +
'''Other sources'''
 +
 
 +
Funcken, Liliane and Fred: ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''  
  
Menguy, Patrice; [http://patricemenguy.free.fr/ Les Sujets du Bien Aimé]
+
Menguy, Patrice: ''Les Sujets du Bien Aimé'' (an interesting website which has unfortunately disappeared from the web)
  
Mouillard, Lucien, ''Les Régiments sous Louis XV'', Paris: 1882  
+
Mouillard, Lucien: ''Les Régiments sous Louis XV'', Paris: 1882  
  
Pajol, Charles P. V., ''Les Guerres sous Louis XV'', vol. VII, Paris, 1891
+
Pajol, Charles P. V.: ''Les Guerres sous Louis XV'', vol. VII, Paris, 1891
  
 
Rogge, Christian; ''The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War'', Frankfurt, 2006
 
Rogge, Christian; ''The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War'', Frankfurt, 2006
Line 108: Line 121:
 
''Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757'', Service Historique de l'armée de terre
 
''Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757'', Service Historique de l'armée de terre
  
Taccoli, Alfonso; ''Teatro Militare dell' Europa'', Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760
+
Taccoli, Alfonso: ''Teatro Militare dell' Europa'', Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760
  
 
N.B.: the section ''Service during the War'' is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
 
N.B.: the section ''Service during the War'' is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
  
 
[[Category:French Land Unit]]
 
[[Category:French Land Unit]]

Latest revision as of 13:07, 20 November 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Brie Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on September 18, 1684 and formed with companies taken from Picardie Infanterie. It took the name of the Province of Brie. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among them. The regiment was given to Armand de Béthune, Marquis de Charost.

In 1687, the regiment garrisoned Calais.

In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the conquest of Palatinate. It then served on the Rhine until 1693. From 1694 to 1696, it was allocated to the Army of Italy. In 1697, it was transferred to the Army of the Meuse.

In 1702, during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), the regiment was allocated to the Army of Germany and fought in the Battle of Friedlingen. In 1703, it took part in the sieges of Alt-Breisach and Landau, and in the Combat of Speyerbach. In 1704, it was allocated to the Army of the Alps. In 1705, it took part in the conquest of the County of Nice; in 1706, in the siege and Battle of Turin; and in 1707, in the defence of Toulon. From 1708 to 1713, the regiment served with the Army of the Rhine.

From 22 June 1726 to 1 June 1727, the regiment briefly changed name and was known as “Comte de La Marche Infanterie” before taking back its initial designation as “Brie Infanterie.”

In 1733, at the outbreak of the War of the Polish Succession (1733-35), the regiment initially served on the Rhine. In 1734, it took part in the siege of Philisbourg; and in 1735, in the Combat of Klausen.

In 1742, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment was sent to Bavaria and participated in the relief of Braunau. In 1743, it took part in the defence of Eggenfeld and then returned to the Rhine where it fought in the Combat of Rheinweiler. In 1744, the regiment was transferred to the Alps where it was stationed at Château-Dauphin. In 1746, it took part in the defence of Asti where it had to surrender as prisoners of war on March 4. In June 1747, it was exchanges and took post at Seyne. It then garrisoned Genoa until the end of the war.

On the eve of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted only one battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 87th and was under the command of:

  • from January 1, 1748 to September 11, 1758: Louis-Denis-Auguste, Chevalier de Polignac
  • from September 1758 to November 25, 1762: Marquis de Coislin

The regiment was disbanded on November 25, 1762.

Service during the War

In 1756, the regiment was assigned to the guard of the coasts of Bretagne, a role that it assumed until 1762.

By August 1 1757, the regiment was stationed at Saint-Servan.

In September 1758, during the second British expedition against the coasts of France, the regiment was garrisoning Saint-Malo along with Boulonnais Infanterie. On September 10, it joined the French force assembling at Lamballe to attack the retiring British army. On September 11, it took part to the combat of Saint-Cast where it supported the first assault. Its colonel, the Chevalier de Polignac, was killed during this action.

On November 25, 1762, the regiment was disbanded.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes militaires 1758,
and Etat militaire 1761
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold with a black (white as per Taccoli) cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Neck stock black
Coat grey-white with copper buttons down to the waist on the right side
Collar none (red in 1761)

N.B.: Taccoli depicts a red collar in his work published in 1760

Shoulder Straps grey-white fastened with a copper button
Lapels none
Pockets double vertical pockets (9 small copper buttons arranged 3 by 3 in patte d'oie on each single pocket)
Cuffs red, each with 3 small copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat grey-white (red in 1761)

N.B.: Taccoli depicts a red waistcoat in his work published in 1760

Breeches grey-white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather with a brass buckle (white as per Taccoli)
Waistbelt natural leather with a brass buckle (white as per Taccoli)
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

n/a

Colours

The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross and four red cantons, each traversed by a diagonal yellow band.

Ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1727 to 1762.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 232-234

Other sources

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (an interesting website which has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre

Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.