Difference between revisions of "Brunswick Dragoons"
m (→Officers: Corrected typo, "yeloow sash" to "yellow sash")
m (→Privates: Under "Other interpretations", I added a citation from Ortenburg's book, where he describes the facing color as "light blue")
|Line 151:||Line 151:|
Some sources mention medium blue facings and a medium blue waistcoat.
Some sources mention medium blue facings and a medium blue waistcoat .
Latest revision as of 21:16, 3 December 2021
Origin and History
By 1714, the army of Brunswick included a dragoon regiment named Prinz Ludwig Rudolph, consisting of 3 companies. In 1726, the regiment was renamed Prinz Carl von Bevern. By then, it consisted of 4 companies stationed at Königslutter, Schöningen, Schöppenstedt, Seesen, Gandersheim and Holzminden.
By 1749, the regiment was known as Prinz Ludwig Ernst.
At the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, each of the 4 companies consisted of 3 officers and 66 men.
In 1759, the dragoons were converted into a regiment of carabiniers. It consisted of 6 companies, each of 4 officers and 74 men; with a regimental staff of 35 men. The 6 companies were organised into 3 squadrons.
From 1760 on, the unit served with the Allied army.
The regimental Inhaber were:
- no information found yet
After the Seven Years' War, each company of the regiment was reduced to only 12 men.
Service during the War
Participated extensively in the Kleinkrieg.
Dragoon Uniform until 1759
|Coat||red with yellow buttonholes
Troopers rode dark horses and carried carbines.
Schirmer mentions green distinctives and green waistcoat.
Officers wore uniforms similar to those of troopers with golden laces on cuffs and waistcoat.
Carabinier Uniform from 1759
|Headgear||black tricorne without lace with a yellow and white Stutz (stiff plume of feathers) and red pompoms|
Troopers wore black breast plate edged red with brass ornaments (crowned ducal cypher). They were armed with a Pallasch, a carbine and a 2 pistols, and rode dark horses.
Some sources mention medium blue facings and a medium blue waistcoat (cf, Ortenburg, "Braunschweigisches Militär", p. 33).
Officers wore uniforms similar to those of troopers with sliver lace on Kollett, cuffs and waistcoat. They also had a white and yellow plume on the tricorne; golden embroideries on sabretache and saddlecloth; silver and yellow sash.
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of troopers with sliver lace on cuffs and waistcoat.
A standard from the Seven Years War is unknown.
In 1759, when the regiment was converted into a regiment of carabiniers, Schirmer conjectures that it may have carried a Leibstandarte and Compagniestandarten. He suggests that the Leibstandarte was white with either the ducal monogram or coat of arms, and the company standard was red with either the ducal monogram or the white horse. It is plausible that the standards followed the Prussian cuirassiers' model.
Tentative reconstructions of the standards of the Carabiniers based on Schirmer's hypothesis.
A later American War of Independence guidon (the regiment had been converted back to dragoons) is described as light blue fringed in gold with one side having the Brunswick coat of arms and the other a white springing horse on a red field within a gold wreath, cyphers in wreaths in the corner. Reconstructions of the guidon follow the British pattern for dragoon or light dragoon guidons, with a shallow swallowtail and rounded trailing corners.
Deutsche Uniformen, Bd. 1, Das Zeitalter Friedrich des Großen, 240 illustrations by Herbert Knötel d. J., with text and explanations by Dr. Martin Letzius, Sturm-Zigaretten GmbH, Dresden 1932
Ortenburg, Georg von, Braunschweigisches Militär, Elm Verlag, Cremlingen, 1987
Pengel & Hurt, German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press
Schirmer; Friedrich, Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt, 1989