Célèbre (64)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> French Navy >> Célèbre (64)

Origin and History

The ship was built by Geoffroy in 1755 in Brest. She was launched in 1756.

The ship was burnt in 1758, during the siege of Louisbourg.

Service during the War

In 1757, the ship was sent to Louisbourg. In August, La Motte, who commanded the French squadron defending Louibourg, judged that his force was strong enough to repulse any British attack and resolved to send the 2nd and 3rd battalions of Berry Infanterie to Québec aboard the Bizarre (64) and Célèbre (64).

In the Spring of 1758, the ship was part of Beaussier's squadron which was left at Louisbourg for the defence of the place by du Chaffault when he sailed for Québec. On July 21, during the siege of Louisbourg, a bomb fell on the ship and set her on fire. An explosion followed. The few men on board could not save her, and she drifted from her moorings. The wind blew the flames into the rigging of the Entreprenant (74), and then into that of the Capricieux (64). At night all 3 were in full blaze; for when the fire broke out the British batteries turned on them a tempest of shot and shell to prevent it from being extinguished. The glare of the triple conflagration lighted up the town, the trenches, the harbour, and the surrounding hills, while the burning ships shot off their guns at random as they slowly drifted westward, and grounded at last near the Barachois, burnt to the water’s edge.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 64
1st deck 26 x 24-pdrs
2nd deck 28 x 12-pdrs
3rd deck 10 x 6-pdrs
Crew n/a
Length 150 feet (45.72 m)
Width 40,6 feet (12.37 m)
Depth 20 feet (6.09 m)
Displacement 1200 tons (1089 metric tons)

References

Deschênes, Ronald, Répertoire des vaisseaux de ligne français 1682-1780

N.B.: the section Service during the War is derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.