Conty Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Conty Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on October 4 1692 and took the name of the province of Barrois. On November 14 1713, the regiment was given to Louis_Armand de Bourbon, prince of Conty. The regiment was then renamed Conty.

During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served on the Rhine 1733 to 1735.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was initially deployed on the Neckar in 1743. In 1744 and 1745, it served in the Alps. In 1746, it was stationed in Languedoc. In 1748, it was at Sospello.

The regiment counted two battalions.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 97th and was under the command of:

  • since July 19 1744: marquis de Sailly
  • from December 7 1759 to April 26 1764: comte de Laigle

Service during the War

In 1757, the regiment joined the Lower Rhine Army commanded by Maréchal d'Estrées. At the end of June, it was at the camp of Bielefeld with d'Estrées' main corps. On July 26, the regiment was at the battle of Hastenbeck where it was part of the right wing under d'Armentières. On August 16, the regiment was among the force sent by the Duc de Richelieu to occupy the Duchy of Brunswick who had submitted to the French domination. At the end of the year, it took its winter quarters in the second line of the French Army in the town of Hannover.

In February 1758, when Ferdinand of Brunswick launched his offensive, the regiment retired on the Rhine with the rest of the French army. From March 30 to April 4, it was in the first line of Clermont's army in the camp of Wesel on the Lower Rhine. In April, when Clermont redeployed his army along the Rhine, the regiment was stationed at Apeltorn and Marienbaum near Xanten. After the successful crossing of the Rhine by Ferdinand's army on May 31, it did not join Clermont's army at Rheinberg but was rather deployed at an unspecified location. On August 5, its two grenadier companies were detached from Cologne to form part of Chavigny's advanced guard and participated to the combat of Mehr where they were engaged in the fighting inside the village.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes Militaires 1758,
and Etat militaire 1761
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced silver with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced silver with a black cockade

towards 1759, bearskins became increasingly common among grenadiers

Neckstock black
Coat grey-white
Collar none (blue in 1761)
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets (3 pewter buttons on each pocket)
Cuffs red open (???) cuffs (manche ouverte) with 3 pewter buttons

blue cuffs in 1761

Turnbacks none
Waistcoat grey-white (blue in 1761)
Breeches grey-white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

Drummers wore a buff coat lined blue; blue cuffs, waistcoat and breeches; laced (as per the work of Beneton in 1739) with the white and blue (or entirely blue) braid of the House of Conty.

Colours

The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross with red and isabelle (coffee) opposed cantons. Ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1713 to 1791.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé

Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service historique de l'armée de terre, Archives du génie, article 15, section 1, §5, pièce 23