Dillon Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Dillon Infanterie

Origin and History

In May 1690, during the Nine Years' War (1688–97), a large number of Irish soldiers arrived in France with their dethroned King James II. On 18 June of the same year Louis XIV formed three regiments with them. In 1691, the new regiment was employed in Roussillon and was at the siege of Urgel. In 1693, it took part in the siege of Roses; in 1694, in the Battle of Torroella and in the capture of Palamos, Girona, Ostalrich and Castelfollit; in 1696, in the recapture of Ostalrich; and in 1697, in the siege of Barcelona.

In 1702, during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), the regiment took part in the defence of Cremona and in the Battle of Luzzara; in 1703, in the expedition in South Tirol and in the capture of Asti; in 1704, in the sieges of Vercelli, Ivrea and Verrua; in 1705, in the capture of Verrua; and in 1706, in the siege of Mirandola and in the Battle of Castiglione. In 1707, the regiment was transferred to Spain where it fought in the Battle of Almansa. In 1708, it took part in the siege of Lérida and Tortosa. In 1709, it was sent to Dauphiné and remained in the camp of Briançon until 1712. In 1713, the regiment was allocated to the Army of the Rhine and took part in the siege and recapture of Landau and in the siege and capture of Freiburg. In 1714, it was allocated to the Army of Catalonia and took part in the siege and capture of Barcelona.

In 1733, at the outbreak of the War of the Polish Succession (1733-35), the regiment was allocated to the Army of the Rhine and participated in the siege of Kehl. In 1734, it took part in the Combat of Ettlingen and in the siege of Philisbourg. In 1735, it fought in the Combat of Klausen.

In 1742, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment served in Flanders. In 1743, it was transferred to the Army of the Lower Rhine and fought in the Battle of Dettingen. In 1744, the regiment returned to Flanders and participated in the capture of Menin, Ypres and Furnes before being transferred to Alsace where it fought in the Combat of Augenheim. In 1745, the regiment rejoined the Army of Flanders and took part in the siege of Tournai and in the Battle of Fontenoy where his colonel was killed. In 1746, the regiment took part in the Battle of Rocoux; in 1747, in the Battle of Lauffeld , where its colonel was killed); and in 1748, in the siege of Maastricht.

The regiment counted only 1 battalion.

When the French infantry was reorganised in 1762, the regiment incorporated the disbanded Lally Infanterie on December 21.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 94th and was under the command of:

  • from April 1744: Dillon (killed in action at Fontenoy in 1745)
  • from 1745: Dillon (killed in action at Lauffeld in 1747)
  • from 1747: Dillon

On April 26, 1775, the regiment was incorporated into Bulkeley Infanterie.

Service during the War

By August 1 1757, the regiment was garrisoning Saint-Valérie in Picardie.

By May 23, 1760, the regiment was part of the first line of the infantry centre of Broglie's Army. By December 30, the regiment had taken up its winter-quarters in Marburg.

N.B.: as per Pajol, the regiment was sent to India in 1757 and, on January 15 1761, became prisoners of war and was brought back to France. Pajol might have confused this regiment with Lally Infanterie who did serve in India and was later incorporated into Dillon Infanterie.

On July 16, 1761, the regiment fought in the Battle of Vellinghausen.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes Militaires 1756 and 1758, Etat Militaire 1758, 1760 and 1761, Abrégé du Dictionnaire Militaire 1759

completed where necessary as per Taccoli
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold
Neckstock black
Coat red lined white with 12 copper buttons down to the pockets and 1 copper button on each side at the small of the back
Collar red
Shoulder Strap red fastened with a small copper button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons
Cuffs black narrow slit cuffs (en botte), each with 3 copper buttons arranged horizontally and 2 small copper buttons and 2 white laced buttonholes arranged vertically
Turnbacks white
Waistcoat red with black lapels lined white with 12 copper buttons down to the waist
Breeches white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white as per Taccoli
Waistbelt white as per Taccoli
Cartridge Box probably natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard black as per Taccoli
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

no information available yet

Musicians

Drummers wore uniforms similar to those of the privates but with laces on the cuffs and arms of the coat.

Colours

Colonel colour: white field with a white cross; centre device consisting of a golden Irish harp surmounted by a golden crown with the motto In Hoc Signo Vinces; 1 gold crown in each corner.
Ordonnance colours: red and black opposed cantons with a red cross bordered white; centre device consisting of a golden Irish harp surmounted by a golden crown with the motto In Hoc Signo Vinces; 1 gold crown in each canton.
Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website which has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, pp. 209

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service historique de l'armée de terre: Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757

Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 260-261

Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.