Origin and History
The ship was built by J. L. Coulomb at Brest and launched in 1746.
During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:
- in 1759: Captain Le Vassor de la Touche
The ship was stricken off of the fleet in 1762.
Service during the War
In March 1758, the ship was part of an important squadron (5 ships of the line and 6 or 7 frigates) being fitted out at Rochefort to escort, from the nearby Isle d'Aix, a fleet of 40 transports with 3,000 troops for America. On April 4, the squadron was attacked by a British squadron under the command of sir Edward Hawke. The French warships escaped but several merchantmen ran ashore. On May 2, the French squadron finally set sail from Rochefort for Louisbourg under the command of comte du Chaffault de Besné. The Dragon escorted 3 ships of the line armed en flûte transporting a battalion of Cambis Infanterie. On June 10, the squadron landed the troops at Baie Sainte-Anne 80 km northwest of Louisbourg and then sailed for Québec where it arrived on June 29. Du Chaffault left Québec in mid-September and reached Brest on November 12.
In November 1759, in preparation for the planned invasion of England, the ship set sail for Quiberon Bay with the Brest Fleet. On November 20, she took part in the battle of Quiberon. After the defeat, on November 21 and 22, by taking advantage of the flood tide and of what wind there was under the land, the ship along with 6 other ships of the line and 4 frigates, which were near the mouth of the Vilaine, got into the river.
To do: campaigns of 1760 to 1762
|Crew||450 to 750 men|
|Length||146 ft (44,5 m)|
|Width||40 ft (12,19 m)|
|Depth||19 ft (5,79 m)|
Blasco, Manuel, French 4th Rates, 3 Decks Wiki
Deschênes, Ronald, Répertoire des vaisseaux de ligne français 1682-1780
Dull, Jonathan, The French Navy and the Seven Years' War, p. 80
N.B.: the section Service during the War is derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.