Origin and History
The regiment was raised in 1703 for Lieutenant-colonel Grundel.
During the Great Northern War, the regiment took part in the campaign in Scania in 1710.
On September 8 1722, the regiment was designated “Drottningens Livregemente” (Queen's Guard Regiment). This permanent unit consisted of 12 companies of about 127 men each, in a single battalion of 1,530 men (mostly Germans).
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:
- in 1757: J. Adlerstråle
- from 1759: von Hoepschen
Service during the War
Until 1757, 4 companies of the regiment garrisoned Stralsund in Swedish Pomerania while 600 men were stationed in various places in Sweden: Kalmar, Karlshamn, Varberg and Göteborg.
By the end of August 1757, the entire regiment (about 1,400 men) had been transported across the Baltic towards Swedish Pomerania.
On August 27 1759, during the campaign of Pomerania, the regiment formed part of the force under the command of Major Anrep who, after an artillery preparation, stormed Swinemünde, capturing Lieutenant-colonel Prentz, 80 men and 4 guns. However, part of the Prussian defenders managed to take refuge in the "West Redoubt" which the Swedes were forced to besiege in forms. On September 16, after a preparation of artillery, the regiment took part in the assault and capture of the fortified town of Wollin, attacking the Wicker Gate. On October 1, the regiment followed Fersen's Corps when it left the Oder islands to join the Swedish Main Army in Pasewalk.
To do: campaigns from 1758 to 1763
|Coat||dark blue with 10 brass buttons down the front with white trimmed buttonholes and 2 brass buttons at small of the back
|Gaiters||white stockings with brown leather strap at knee|
Troopers were armed with a sword and a musket. The bayonet was permanently fixed to the musket.
Schirmer as well as Pengel and Hurt mention brass button.
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:
- a silver lace on the tricorne
- brass buttons (smaller than those of officers)
NCOs carried halberds but no cane.
Officers wore a blue uniform (coat) with blue distinctives (collar, cuffs, turnbacks). They were further distinguished from privates by:
- a gold lace on the tricorne
- no turnbacks on the coat
- a silver gorget
- brass buttons
- blue or black breeches (breeches of the same colour as those of the privates were also worn)
N.B.: contrarily to the custom in other armies, Swedish officers did not wear any sash
Horses were equipped with blue housing with a white border.
Musicians probably wore a white coat with blue swallow nests on the shoulders.
The drums were brass. The rims were blue with yellow edging.
The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always yellow. The Liffana had gold finials while the Kompanifana had steel finials. The colours measured 2.12 x 1.70 m. (1.81 x 1.33 m. as per Clifford).
Liffana (colonel flag): white field; centre device probably consisting of the golden crowned king's cipher “AR”; 1 gold queen crown in each corner.
Kompanifana (ordonnance flag): blue field; centre device consisting of the golden crowned king's cipher “AR”; 1 gold queen crown in each corner.
Großer Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16
Högman, Hans: Svenska regementen under indelningsverkets dagar (broken link)
Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt: Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983
Purky, Jim: Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
Säwe, Teofron: Sveriges deltagande i Sjuåriga Kriget Åren 1757-1762, Beijers Bokförlagsaktiebolag, Stockholm, 1915
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, vol. III, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989, pp. 25-38
Schorr, Dan: Swedish Flags 1757-1762 - Part II Infantry Flags, The Courrier, March-April 1980
Schorr, Dan: Uniforms of the Swedish Army, 1757-1762, The Courrier, June-July 1979
Wilson, Peter: The Swedish Army in 1756, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.