Duc d'Orléans (54)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> French Navy >> Duc d'Orléans (54)

Origin and History

This ship of the line was built by Gilles Cambry at Lorient and launched on September 29 1753. She belonged to the Compagnie des Indes, not to the Marine Royale. She entered service on March 9 1754.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • since March 13 1756 to at least September 1759: captain Jean-François de Surville
  • from late 1759 until May 31 1761: captain Joachim Marion des Bretonnières

The ship was probably hulked on May 31 1761 at Isle de France (actual Mauritius).

Service during the War

On March 13 1756, the ship was commissioned for service in the East Indies.

On January 27 1758, the ship was part of d'Aché's squadron which sailed from Île de France and made for the coast of Coromandel in India, transporting reinforcements under the command of Lally. Owing to the monsoon, it was much delayed. On April 28, the squadron arrived at daybreak into the roadstead of Fort St. David. The French squadron cut off the escape of the Bridgewater (24) and Triton (24) which were lying there, and which, to save them from capture, were run ashore and burnt. On April 29, while Lally was disembarking his troops at Pondicherry (actual Puducherry), the ship was part of d'Aché's squadron who fought at the combat of Cuddalore. On August 3 1758, when Pocock made another attempt to dislodge the French squadron from Pondicherry, the ship took part to the combat of Negapatam. During the engagement, she got entangled with the Zodiaque (74). Both were then heavily cannonaded with impunity by the Yarmouth (64) and Tiger (60).

On September 10 1759, the ship took part in the battle of Pondicherry.

To do: details of the campaigns from 1760 to 1761

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 54
Lower Gundeck 24 x 24-pdrs
Upper gundeck 26 x 12-pdrs
Quarterdeck 4 x ?-pdrs
Forecastle none
Crew 310
Length at gundeck 149 ft 4 in (45.52 m)
Width 39 ft 6 in (12.04 m)
Depth 17 ft 4 in (5.28 m)
Displacement 1100 tons (998 metric tons)

References

Blasco, Manuel, Ship of the Compagnie des Indes, 3 Decks Wiki

Service historique de la Défense, Les mouvements au long cours des navires de la deuxième Compagnie française des Indes orientales

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.