Fusiliers-Guides de Metzenius

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Fusiliers-Guides de Metzenius

Origin and History

The unit was created by a decree dated February 20, 1761. It consisted of a single mounted company of fusiliers-guides comprising:

  • 1 captain
  • 1 lieutenant
  • 1 second-lieutenant
  • 2 sergeants
  • 2 corporals
  • 2 ansepessades
  • 34 guides

The company was attached to the staff of the army where it served.

During the Seven Years' War, the unit was commanded by:

  • since 1761: M. de Metzenius

The company was disbanded by a royal decree dated November 20, 1762.

Service during the War

By June 1, 1761, the unit was attached to the Army of the Lower Rhine.

In March 1762, the unit was attached to the Army of the Lower Rhine.


We assume that the uniform was similar to the uniform of the Fusiliers-Guides de Plinchamp. This seems to be corroborated by the partial description made by Sapin-Lignères.


Uniform in 1761 - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Headgear black tricorne laced false silver with a white cockade fastened with a small pewter button
Neckstock black
Coat blue lined blue with pewter buttons on the right side
Collar blue
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs blue without buttons
Turnbacks blue
Waistcoat blue with pewter buttons
Breeches blue
Gaiters white or white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white leather
Waistbelt white leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear ankle boots

Armaments consisted of a musket and a dragoon style bayonet, a pistol, a sabre and a cartridge box (20 cartridges).

The housing colours are unknown. However, they were probably similar to those of the Fusiliers-Guides de Plinchamp: blue edged white.


Officers wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • silver laced tricorne
  • silver buttons
  • no turnbacks
  • black boots with white knee covers


NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • sergeants: silver laced tricorne with 3 silver brandebourgs on each sleeve
  • corporal: 3 white woollen brandebourgs on each sleeve
  • anspessade: 2 white woollen brandebourgs on each sleeve.


There were no musicians attached to this company.


This company carried no colours.


Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé

Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 220


Jean-Louis Vial of Nec Pluribus Impar for the initial version of this article.