Origin and History
It is not really known at what time this corps was created. However, the annals of the first Brunswick-Lüneburg troops in the middle of the XVIIth century the engineer are already mentioned. Until 1732, engineers were subordinated to the commander of the Hanoverian Artillery. On that year, they were formed in an independent corps under their own “chef”.
In March 1757, the Ingenieurkorps counted 19 officers and drivers.
During the Seven Years’ War, the successive chefs of the corps were:
- from 1743: Colonel Johann Christoph von Lüttich (previously in the Austrian service, promoted to major-general in 1754, retired in 1758)
- from 1758: Colonel Philip Ysenbarth (died in 1759 at Lippstadt)
- from 1759: Major du Plat as interim commander
- from 1762: Colonel Heinrich Wilhelm von Huth (previously in the Hessian service, promoted to major-general in 1762, entered in the Danish service in 1763 as lieutenant-general)
By the end of the Seven Years’ War in 1763, it consisted of 1 “chef”, 17 officers and 4 “Conducteurs”.
Service during the War
Engineers were never assembled in a single corps during the campaigns but distributed between the field army and the various fortresses.
|Coat||light blue with 3 golden buttons and 3 buttonloops under the lapels
|Waistcoat||red laced gold with 10 golden buttons and 10 golden buttonhols, and with 2 horizontal pockets laced gold, each with 3 golden buttons|
|Gaiters||white (some description rather mention black boots)|
Engineers were equipped with a sword and a wooden stick.
According to Wissel, from 1759, engineers wore straw waistcoat and their coat was also lined straw.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Wissel, Friedrich v. and Georg von Wissel: Geschichte der Errichtung sämmtlicher Chur-Braunschweig-Lüneburgischen Truppen, sammt ihren Fahnen, Standarten und Pauken-Devisen ..., Zelle, 1786, pp. 773-774
Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 5 Hastenbeck und Roßbach, Berlin, 1903, p. 4
Pengel & Hurt: German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press