Hanoverian Grenadiers à cheval

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hanoverian Army >> Hanoverian Grenadiers à cheval

Origin and History

Grenadiers à cheval - Source: Gmundener Prachtwerk

The regiment was formed in 1742. The unit amalgamated with the Garde du Corps in 1761 after acting primarily as the garrison force of the city of Hanover. Disbanded in 1803.

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the unit comprised;

  • 1 adjutant
  • 1 auditor
  • 1 regimental surgeon
  • 2 assistant-surgeons
  • 1 provost
  • 1 servant
  • 1 squadron (organised in 2 companies) totalling
    • 8 officers
    • 14 NCOs
    • 4 drummers
    • 150 grenadiers usually riding black or dark brown horses

The regimental inhabers were:

  • since 1742: von Breidenbach
  • from 1747: Bock von Wülfingen
  • from 1757: C. von Veltheim
  • from 1761: Imperial Count von Wallmoden-Gimborn

In 1763, the unit was amalgamated with the Garde du Corps.

Service during the War

Throughout the war, the unit was mainly used to guard the headquarters.

On June 26 1757, during the French invasion of Hanover, the unit took part in the battle of Hastenbeck where it was deployed in the second line of the cavalry right wing. The cavalry was not really tested in this battle. They were superbly mounted, but drilled in the old German style tactics that meant that they were steady, but slow. They would have charged at a trot and quite likely would have received an enemy charge at the halt, trusting their firearms.

On May 26 1758, the regiment was with Ferdinand's main force in the camp of Nottuln. On May 31, it accompanied Ferdinand in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. On June 23, the regiment took part in the battle of Krefeld where it was deployed on the left wing under the command of Lieutenant-general von Spörcken. In December, when the Allied army took its winter-quarters in Westphalia, the regiment was quartered in Münster where Ferdinand had established his headquarters.

In June 1759, the squadron was part of the Allied Main Army under the command of the Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick. On August 1, it was present at the battle of Minden in the first line of the cavalry right wing commanded by Lord Sackville. Lord Sackville's deliberate inactivity kept the unit out of any serious action.

On July 16 1761, the unit was at the battle of Vellinghausen where it was part of Lieutenant-general Wutginau's Corps supporting the left wing.

By May 23 1762, the squadron was attached to the Allied Main Army. On June 24, the squadron fought at the battle of Wilhelmsthal where it formed part of the 7th column.

Uniform

Accurate Vorstellung der saemtlichen Churfürstl. hannöverischen Armee zur eigentlichen Kentniß der Uniform von jedem Regimente nebst beygefügter Geschichte, worinne von der Stiftung, denen Chefs, der Staercke und den wichtigsten Thaten jedes Regiments Nachricht gegeben wird Nürnberg: Raspe 1763 (Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt)

Privates

Uniform - Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details as per the Gmundener Prachtwerk
Headgear
Trooper wore a British style mitre cap: a black front edged gold with the regimental badge (arms of Hanover in gold) surmounted by a golden crown; a small black front flap edged gold with the horse of Hanover in gold the motto "Nec aspera terrent" in gold; red back; a black headband edged gold; a golden pompom
Schirmer depicts a different mitre with a red front flap with the White Horse, a black headband and a red bag
Neckstock black
Coat red with a brass button on each side at the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulderknot gold and black aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels black with 7 brass button
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 brass buttons
Cuffs black, each with 3 brass buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat straw
Breeches chamois
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt buff
Waistbelt buff
Cartridge Box black with brass ornaments
Scabbard black
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth basic color crimson; border from inner edge out yellow-black-yellow-yellow-crimson zig-zag then thick yellow line with black diamonds; emblem of a gold Royal monogram
Sabretache same pattern as saddlecloth
Blanket roll crimson


Troopers were armed with a straight steel hilted sword, two pistols and a carbine. The carbine was slung from the shoulder belt on a swivel hook.

Officers

Offficers wore a yellow silken sash around the waist; a silver gorget, a silver porte-epee; gold lace on the tricorne; gold lace around the collar and cuffs. They did not carry any cross-belt.

NCOs

NCO had gold laces on the cuffs, pockets, and waistcoat. They did not carry any cross-belt.

Musicians

Musicians comprised only trumpeters. They were dressed in reverse colours and probably had swallow nests at the shoulders. Staff trumpeter probably carried NCO distinctives.

The banners of the trumpets were black embroidered in gold with devices similar to those carried on the standards.

Standards

Colonel Standard (Leibstandarte): black field with gold embroideries; gold fringe

  • obverse: centre device consisting of the Arms of England within the Garter supported by a crowned lion and a unicorn all embroidered in gold; the motto “DIEU ET MON DROIT” underneath; corner devices consisting of the crowned “GR” ciphers
  • reverse: centre device consisting of the Springing Silver Horse surmounted by an Electoral crown; motto “NEC ASPERA TERRENT” underneath; corner devices consisting of the crowned “GR” ciphers
Leibstandarte – Source: rf-figuren

The unit had no regimental standard.

References

Deutsche Uniformen, Bd. 1, Das Zeitalter Friedrich des Großen, 240 Bilder von Herbert Knötel d. J., Text und Erläuterungen von Dr. Martin Letzius, hrsg. von der Sturm-Zigaretten GmbH, Dresden 1932

Knötel, R.: Farbiges Handbuch der Uniformkunde: Die Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht der deutschen Staaten, Österreich-Ungarns und der Schweiz. Begründet von Prof. Richard Knötel. Grundlegend überarbeitet und bis zum Stand von 1937 fortgeführt von Herbert Knötel d.J. und Herbert Sieg. Dem Stand der Forschung angepaßt und ergänzt von Ingo Pröper, überarbeitete Neuauflage, Stuttgart 1985

Knötel, Richard: Die Uniformen des Hannoverschen Heeres 1763 und 1770. Part I : Das Heer von 1763, in: Mitteilungen zur Geschichte der militärischen Tracht, vol. XVI, no. 1-4 (1909), page 3-15

Knötel, Richard: Die Uniformen des Hannoverschen Heeres 1763 und 1770. Part II: Das Heer von 1770, in: Mitteilungen zur Geschichte der militärischen Tracht, vol. XVI, no. 4-5 (1909), page 15-20

Knötel, Richard: Die Uniformen des Hannoverschen Heeres 1763 und 1770. Kurze Stammliste. 1617 bis 1803, in: Mitteilungen zur Geschichte der militärischen Tracht, vol. XVI, no. 6-11 (1909), page 22-42

Lawson, Cecil C. P., A History of the Uniforms of the British Army - from the Beginnings to 1760, vol. II

Manley, S., Uniforms of the Danish and German States' Armies 1739 - 1748, Potsdam Publications

Niemeyer Joachim, Ortenburg Georg: Die Chur-braunschweig-lüneburgische Armee im Siebenjährigen Kriege: Das Gmundener Prachtwerk, Beckum 1976

Niemeyer, Joachim and Georg Ortenburg: The Hanoverian Army during the Seven Years War; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Heereskunde

Pengel & Hurt, German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Pengel, R.D, Hurt G.R.: Seven Years War. Brunswick-Luneburg (Hanover). Hessen Cassel. Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel. Schaumburg Lippe. Supplement, Birmingham 1984

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, hrsg. von der KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, überarb. u. aktual. Neuauflage 1989

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Uniformierung der kurhannoverschen Infanterie 1714 - 1803 in: Zeitschrift für Heereskunde, 1970

Schirmer, Friedrich: Nec Aspera Terrent: Eine Heereskunde der hannoverschen Armee von 1631 bis 1803, Niedersächische Hausbücherei, Bd. 3, Hannover 1929

Sichart, Louis von: Geschichte der Königlich-Hannoverschen Armee. Dritter Band. Vierter Zeitraum. 1756-1789, Hanover 1870 [google books]

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.