Hanoverian Sachsen-Gotha Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War >> Armies >> Hanoverian Army >> Hanoverian Sachsen-Gotha Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1751 by the Herzogin von Sachsen-Gotha.

In 1756, the regiment, now designated as "Erbprinz von Sachsen-Gotah", was taken into Hanoverian service under British pay as an auxiliary unit. However, it still belonged to the Duchy of Sachsen-Gotha.

On January 25 1759, the regiment was fully integrated into the Hanoverian Army, keeping its name of "Regiment Sachsen-Gotha".

This regiment consisted of one battalion and counted 798 men. At the beginning of the war, it fought alongside the Hanoverian infantry regiments. Later on, it was mainly used as an escort for the artillery and pontoon trains.

During the Seven Years War the regimental inhabers were:

  • since 1751: Luise Dorothea Herzogin von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg
  • from 1759: Sachsen-Gotha von Wurmb

Service during the War

On July 26 1757, during the French invasion of Hanover, the regiment took part in the battle of Hastenbeck where it was deployed in the first line of the right wing under the command of Lieutenant-general Zastrow.

On June 17 1758, during the Allied offensive on the west bank of the Rhine, when Spörcken left his camp at Rheinberg, he left general Hardenberg at Büderich with this regiment and Stolzenberg Infantry). On August 5, the regiment fought in the combat of Mehr where it formed part of Imhoff's force who repulsed the French attempt directed against the Allied bridgehead at Rees. In December, when the Allied army took its winter quarters in Westphalia, the regiment was quartered in Warendorp.

In June 1759, the regiment was part of the main Allied army under the command of the Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick. On August 1, the regiment took part in the battle of Minden where it escorted the artillery of the 2nd column under major Haase.

On July 16 1761, during the campaign in West Germany, the regiment took part in the battle of Vellinghausen where it was deployed in the centre, in Howard's Corps to protect the artillery. On November 13, Ferdinand established his headquarters at Einbeck. The Allied army took its cantonments to the exception of a corps, including this regiment, placed under the command of Lieutenant-general Conway who took position along the Huve near Einbeck.

By May 23 1762, the regiment was attached to the Allied Main Army where it formed part of Colonel de la Chevallerie's Brigade. On June 24, during the campaign in West Germany, the regiment fought in the battle of Wilhelmsthal where it formed part of the 6th column under Spörcken. On July 23, the regiment participated in the surprise attack on the Saxon Contingent which resulted in the combat of Lutterberg. After the engagement, it formed part of Zastrow's force who covered the retreat of the Allied army.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a sprig of oak leaves, three dark green/red pom poms and a black cockade
Grenadier Prussian mitre in the British pattern with a small front flap. Rest is not known.
Neckstock black
Coat red with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes under the lapels
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red (left shoulder)
Lapels dark green with 7 pewter buttons and 7 white buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes
Cuffs dark green (slashed in the British pattern) with 3 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes just above each cuff on the sleeves
Turnbacks dark green fastened with a pewter button
Waistcoat white with 2 horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Breeches straw yellow
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black


Troopers were armed with a musket and a sword, and carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Hannoverdidi

N.B.: before being incorporated into the Hanoverian army at the beginning of 1759, the regiment had a white uniform as illustrated here.

Officers

Officers had silver lace lining the cuffs and lapels, a black cockade hat, a gold gorget with the arms of Hanover in the centre and carried a yellow sash slung over the right shoulder. Sergeants wore straw gloves. Partizans were carried.

Musicians

Drummers wore a red coat with swallows nest and lace in white.

The drum pattern had hoops in alternating dark green and red diagonal stripes, white drum cords over a brass drum with the Arms of Hanover in the centre.

Colours

Colonel Flag: White field bearing the arms of Hanover (common to all Hanoverian infantry regiments except 10-B).

Colonel Colour - Source: Hannoverdidi

Regimental Flag: Green field with lion passant bearing sword. The scroll above reads PRO FIDE REGE ET LEGE. Hereafter, we present the interpretation of Hannoverdidi (right).

Regimental Colour – Interpretation of Hannoverdidi

References

Biles, Bill, The Hanoverian Army in the 18th Century, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VI No. 3

Gmundener Prachtwerk, circa 1761

Knötel, H. der Jung, and Hans M. Brauer, Uniformbogen Nr. 45, Berlin

Niemeyer, Joachim, and Georg Ortenburg, The Hanoverian Army during the Seven Years War

Pengel, R., and G. R. Hurt, German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Reitzenstein Sammlung, Bomann Museum, Celle

Rogge, Christian, The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Tessin, Georg: Die Regimenter der europäischen Staaten im Ancién Regime des XVI. bis XVIII. Jahrhunderts. Part 1 Die Stammlisten, Osnabrück 1986

Vial J. L., Nec Pluribus Impar

Yahoo SYW Group Message No. 1168, 1170, 5537