|Religion||Protestant (Calvinist) (in 1749 the ruler Friedrich II became Roman Catholic)|
|Population||not yet available|
|Dependencies||Hanau was a county (Grafschaft) belonging to Hessen-Kassel. Wilhelm IX was Graf of Hessen-Hanau prior to ascending the throne of Hessen-Kassel; he was also the crown prince (Erbprinz) of Hessen-Kassel up to 1785.|
|Rulers||The rulers of Hessen-Kassel were as follows:
|Army||see the article Hessen-Kassel Army|
|History||In 1567 Hessen was partitioned into the Landgrafschaft (Landgraviates) of Hessen-Darmstadt and Hessen-Kassel, each going its own separate way.
Late in the XVIII Century, the heir apparent (crown prince or Erbprinz) of Hessen-Kassel (Wilhelm, son of Friedrich II of Hesse-Kassel) was made Graf von Hessen-Hanau, which was part of the state of Hessen-Kassel. Both these states sent regiments to America to help Britain fight against the American rebels in their war of independence.
not yet available
Digby Smith for the initial version of this article.