Difference between revisions of "Hohenzollern Dragoons"

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|'''Saddlecloth'''||straw yellow bordered with a wide white braid
 
|'''Saddlecloth'''||straw yellow bordered with a wide white braid
 
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|'''Housings'''||straw yellow pointed housings; bordered with a two white braids
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|'''Blanket roll'''||straw yellow edged white  
 
|'''Blanket roll'''||straw yellow edged white  

Revision as of 09:29, 12 March 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Bavarian Army >> Hohenzollern Dragoons

Origin and History

At the death of Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnants Marquis de Maffei, his Infantry Regiment was awarded on January 7, 1730 to Generalwachtmeister Ossalco Graf Minucci, whose Dragoon Regiment Minucci passed on the same day to Generalwachtmeister Joseph Fürst von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. The regiment was composed of 10 companies of 60 men each.

By order of August 30, 1747, the 10th Company had been dissolved in other companies. Under the new structure, three companies each formed 1 squadron. Each company had 15 manned horses, so that at any time a marching Squadron could be put together in full numbers. In August 1759, the number of horses in the cavalry was increased from 135 to 150.


The successive regiment Inhaber were:

  • since January 7, 1730: Inspector General Joseph Prince of Hohenzollern to Sigmaringen and Behringen
  • from December 17, 1769: Major General Kaspar Count of Livizzani
  • from December 20, 1774: Lieutenant General of the Cavalry Franz Graf von Wahl
  • from November 21, 1791: Major General of the Cavalry Joseph Count von Fugger


During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • since 1730: Colonel Karl de Balfleury
  • from 1763: Colonel Joseph Freiherr von Kilberg

Service during the War

In October 1757, one mounted squadron in full numbers was composed (135 men). The remaining men from each company remained untouched for the duration of the war and took over garrison and security services within the country's borders. The mounted squadron was detached in June 1758 for security purposes to Mitterteich in the northern Upper Palatinate, while the regiment remained in garrison in Munich. The mounted squadron returned to the regiment on 30 September in Munich. In October 1759, the entire regiment was relocated to Schärding and Neuötting.


Garnison during the war:

  • in 1756: one company near Wemding
  • in June, 1756: München
  • October 12, 1759: Stab and 6 companies in Schärding
  • October 16, 1759: 3 companies in Neuötting
  • in 1763: Schärding

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform in 1757
Headgear black tricorne with a white lace and with a black cockade fastened with a small white button
Neckstock black
Coat red with 2 white buttons under the lapel
Collar "none"
Shoulder strap left shoulder: red fastened with a white button
right shoulder: a white aiguillette
Lapels straw yellow with 8 white buttons grouped 2 by 2
Pockets horizontal pockets each with 3 white buttons
Cuffs straw yellow with 3 white buttons
Turnbacks straw yellow
Waistcoat straw yellow with one row of small white buttons
Breeches straw yellow
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black leather
Scabbard brown leather
Bayonet scabbard brown leather
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth straw yellow bordered with a wide white braid
Housings straw yellow pointed housings; bordered with two white braids
Blanket roll straw yellow edged white


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a musket and a bayonet.

Officers

Officers uniform would perhaps have a straw collar (Knötel). The lace on the tricorne was silver.

Musicians

Kettle-drummers wore a field uniform which had inversed colors: straw yellow coat and red distinctives..

Colours

Standards were swallow-tailed and measured some 50 cm along the pole, 65 cm from the pole to the extremity of a point and 50 cm from the pole to the centre of the indentation. The cords and knots were of silver threads. The pole of the standard was a black tournament lance reinforced with iron hinges. The finial was ???.

Colonel Standard (Leibstandarte): field, fringe, centre device, scroll with motto, corner devices. Embroideries in ?gold/silver?. Squadron Standard (Eskadronstandarte): field, fringe, centre device, scroll with motto, corner devices. Embroideries in ?gold/silver?.
Colonel Standard – Source: Frédéric Aubert
Squadron Standard – Source: Frédéric Aubert

References

To do: list sources