Italian Infantry Organisation

From Project Seven Years War
Revision as of 07:37, 11 December 2018 by RCouture (Talk | contribs)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Italian Infantry Organisation

Introduction

At the outbreak of the Seven Years’ War, the French Army counted two Italian regiments. According to the ordonnance of January 29, 1757, each Italian regiment had a single battalion of 9 companies. Their organisation differed from the organisation of the French infantry regiments.

Composition and Organisation of a Regiment

Regiments were ranked according to their seniority. This was THE rule regulating precedence in the French army of this period. However, they were always designated by a name.

Regimental Staff

The regimental staff consisted of:

  • 1 colonel
  • 1 lieutenant-colonel
  • 1 major
  • 1 tambour-major
  • 1 chaplain
  • 1 interpreter

The regulation of February 25, 1758 granted “provostship” to the Italian regiments, thus increasing its staff with:

  • 1 provost
  • 1 lieutenant-provost
  • 1 clerk
  • 5 archers
  • 1 justice executioner

Organisation of a Battalion

Italian regiments counted 9 companies per battalion: 8 fusilier companies and 1 grenadier company. Thus each battalion totalled 37 officers (including 2 ensigns) and 685 men.

Organisation of a Fusilier Company

A fusilier company consisted of:

  • 4 officers
    • 1 captain
    • 1 second-captain
    • 1 lieutenant
    • 1 second-lieutenant
  • 10 NCOs
    • 5 sergeants
    • 5 corporals
  • 7 ansepessades (lance-corporals)
  • 15 appointees
  • 46 fusiliers
  • 2 drummers

Organisation of a Grenadier Company

A grenadier company consisted of:

  • 3 officers
    • 1 captain
    • 1 lieutenant
    • 1 second-lieutenant
  • 6 NCOs
    • 3 sergeants
    • 3 corporals
  • 5 ansepessades (lance-corporals)
  • 33 grenadiers
  • 1 drummer

In wartime, grenadiers were converged with grenadier companies of other regiments.

References

Bacquet, Capitaine d’infanterie: L’infanterie française au XVIIIe siècle – L’organisation, Paris: Berger-Levrault, 1907, pp. 64-65

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 5 Hastenbeck und Roßbach, Berlin, 1903, Appendix 10

Vial, Jean-Louis: Nec Pluribus Impar