Difference between revisions of "Jämtlands Horse"

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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
The regiment was raised in 1670. At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, it counted a unique company of 100 men.
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Descended from the Trondhjems dragonregemente of 1658. In 1661 reduced to Bohus-Jämtlands kavallerisqkvadron with two companies in Jämtland and two in Bohuslän. In 1670 reduced to one company in Jämtland and placed under the command of Jämtlands dragonregemente. Indelta in 1689.
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It spent the whole Great Northern War in Jämtland, apart from the campaign against Norway in 1718.
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At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, it counted a unique company of 100 men.
  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:  
 
*''no information available yet''
 
*''no information available yet''
 +
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
 
During the entire Seven Years' War, the unit remained in Sweden and did not take part to any campaign.
 
During the entire Seven Years' War, the unit remained in Sweden and did not take part to any campaign.

Latest revision as of 06:39, 9 September 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Swedish Army >> Jämtlands Horse

Origin and History

Descended from the Trondhjems dragonregemente of 1658. In 1661 reduced to Bohus-Jämtlands kavallerisqkvadron with two companies in Jämtland and two in Bohuslän. In 1670 reduced to one company in Jämtland and placed under the command of Jämtlands dragonregemente. Indelta in 1689.

It spent the whole Great Northern War in Jämtland, apart from the campaign against Norway in 1718.

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, it counted a unique company of 100 men.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information available yet

Service during the War

During the entire Seven Years' War, the unit remained in Sweden and did not take part to any campaign.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform in 1757
Headgear black tricorne without lace and with a brass button on the left side
Neck stock black
Coat medium blue lined medium blue with 12 brass buttons down the front and 2 brass buttons in the small of the back
Collar medium blue (later yellow)
Shoulder strap medium blue fastened with 1 brass button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 brass buttons
Cuffs medium blue (later yellow), each with 3 brass buttons
Turnbacks medium blue (later yellow)
Waistcoat medium blue (later yellow)
Breeches buckskin or reindeer skin
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather bandolier
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box n/a
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Bayonet scabbard none
Gloves chamois
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Housings medium blue
Holster caps medium blue
Blanket roll medium blue


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols and a carbine. They could also wear a polished steel breastplate bordered in yellow under their coat but this breastplate was rarely worn.

Officers

The officers wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following exceptions:

  • a gold laced tricorne
  • black breeches (sometimes)
  • housings and holster caps laced gold

NCOs

The NCOS wore the same uniform as the troopers with the unique distinction of a narrow golden lace on the tricorne.

Musicians

The musicians wore medium blue uniforms with (probably) yellow swallow nests laced white at the shoulders. The uniform had no additional laces.

The drums were made of brass with white rims. The trumpets were made of brass with a medium blue banner.

Colours

The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always blue with yellow bands. The standards had gold finials, cords and tassels and were also fringed in gold.

Lifstandar (colonel standard): white field; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions; the outer corner of the first canton carried a golden moose.

Kompanistandar (ordonnance standard):

  • Obverse: red field; centre device consisting of the golden royal cipher "AF" surmounted by a gold crown.
  • Reverse: medium blue field; centre device consisting of a golden moose surrounded by a green and gold laurel wreath.
Lifstandar - Source: rf-figuren using elements of a template by Hannoverdidi
Kompanistandar - Source: rf-figuren

The colonel's squadron carried the Lifstandar, each other squadron had a Kompanistandar.

References

This article contains texts translated from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Großer Generalstab, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16

Other sources

Höglund, Lars-Eric and Sallnäs, Ake: The Great Northern War 1700-1721, Colours and Uniforms, Acedia Press, Karlstadt, 2000

Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt; Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983

Schirmer, Friedrich, Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.