Origin and History
The regiment was raised around 1648. In 1680, it was renamed Jämtlands dragonregemente, a curious denomination since it always acted as an infantry regiment.
In the homeland guarding the Jämtland border with Norway. In 1704 150 men were taken for the Livgardet. With Armfeldt in the Trondhjem campaign of 1718.
The regiment consisted of a 8 companies of dismounted dragoons totalling 1,048 men.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:
Service during the War
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment did not take part in the various campaigns in Pomerania. It remained in Sweden.
|Coat||dark blue with 10 tin buttons down the front with yellow trimmed buttonholes and 2 tin buttons at small of the back
|Gaiters||white or grey|
Troopers were armed with a sword and a musket. The bayonet was permanently fixed to the musket.
Schirmer as well as Pengel and Hurt mention white trimmed buttonholes.
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of privates with the following differences:
- silver lace on the tricorne
- blue collar and cuffs
- white turnbacks
- no shoulder straps
- brass buttons (smaller than those of officers)
- white waistcoat
- white breeches
- black gaiters
NCOs carried halberds but no cane.
Officers wore a blue uniform (coat) with blue distinctives (collar, cuffs, turnbacks). They were further distinguished from privates by:
- a gold lace on the tricorne
- no turnbacks on the coat
- a silver gorget
- brass buttons
- blue or black breeches (breeches of the same colour as those of the privates were also worn)
N.B.: contrarily to the custom in other armies, Swedish officers did not wear any sash
Horses were equipped with blue housing with a yellow border.
Musicians wore uniforms similar to those of privates with the following differences:
- white lace (with an unidentified yellow pattern on the braid) along the collar, cuffs, pockets, edges and seams of the coat
- a wide yellow vertical stripe a few cm from the coat edges
The drums were brass with provincial coats of arms embossed on the front. The rims were blue with yellow edging.
The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always yellow. The Liffana had gold finials while the Kompanifana had steel finials. The colours measured 2.12 x 1.70 m. (1.81 x 1.33 m. as per Clifford).
Liffana (colonel flag): white field; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions; the outer corner of the first canton carried a white moose with an eagle on its back and a wolf leaping at its throat.
N.B.: for the liffana, Clifford adds a pedestal supporting the arms, the letters “AFRS” above the arms and 1 royal crown in the corner of each of the 3 remaining cantons.
Kompanifana (ordonnance flag): blue field; centre device consisting of a white moose (silver as per Clifford) with an eagle on its back and a wolf leaping at its throat.
The colonel's battalion carried the Liffana and a Kompanifana. The lieutenant-colonel's battalion carried 2 Kompanifanor.
Brolin, Gunnar: 18th C. Swedish Military Flags - Part II, 18th Century Military Notes & Queries No. 6
Großer Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16
Höglund, Lars-Eric and Ake Sallnäs: The Great Northern War 1700-1721, Colours and Uniforms, Acedia Press, Karlstadt, 2000
Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt: Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983
Purky, Jim: Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
Säwe, Teofron: Sveriges deltagande i Sjuåriga Kriget Åren 1757-1762, Beijers Bokförlagsaktiebolag, Stockholm, 1915
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989
Swedish War Archives, Sketches of infantry uniforms
Wilson, Peter: The Swedish Army in 1756, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.