Jungkenn Müntzer Fusiliers

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Jungkenn Müntzer Fusiliers

Origin and History

Jungkenn Müntzer Fusiliers Private in 1759 - Source: Engraving by von Schmalen, Nürnberg 1759

This fusilier regiment was established on January 30 1742 at Wesel. Each of its companies received 10 soldiers from Hautcharmoy Infantry (IR28). The rest were recruited in the German Reich. It garrisoned Wesel from 1742 to 1756.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment did not take part to any campaign, continuing to assume its garrison duties at Wesel.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • since January 14 1749: Martin Eberhard von Jungkenn Müntzer von Mohrenstamm
  • from January 4 1759: Rudolph August von Hoffmann
  • from February 5 1760 to December 9 1764: Johann von Grant

From 1784, Prussian regiments were numbered for easier identification. This infantry regiment was then attributed number 44. This numbering system became official only on October 1 1806.

Service during the War

In March 1757, when the French started the invasion of Hanover, the regiment evacuated Wesel and joined the Allied army under the command of the duke of Cumberland at Bielefeld. It took part to minor actions where it suffered some 200 casualties. It later retreated to Magdeburg, loosing more than 200 men to desertion.

In 1758, the regiment served with the Prussian army of Saxony.

In 1759, the regiment served once more with the Prussian army of Saxony. Its second battalion defended Leipzig and Torgau but was forced to capitulate in front of the superior forces of the Reichsarmee. Meanwhile, its first battalion defended Dresden as part of Schmettau detachment which surrendered on September 4. By September 21, this latter battalion had made a junction with Finck's corps and took part in the battle of Korbitz.

In July 1760, the regiment took part in the unsuccessful siege of Dresden. In Hulsen corp took part at the combat of Strehla and the defense of Torgau until September 26.

In 1761, the regiment served with the Prussian army of Saxony.

In Saxony in 1762 campaign, it took part on the attack on Freiberg, May 12 and in October 29 1762, to the battle of Freiberg in Taube Brigade, assaulting the heights of Gr. Schirma.


N.B.: During the war the grenadiers from the wing grenadier companies were put together with the grenadiers of Fusilier Regiment 41, forming the Nr. III. "Standing" Grenadier Battalion (please refer to this article for the details of the service of the grenadiers during the war).

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Dal
Uniform Details
Headgear
Fusilier
IR44 Fusilier Mitre Cap - Source: Digby Smith and rf-figuren
mitre with yellow metal front plate; black headband with yellow metal ornaments; black cap with yellow metal ornaments; yellow metal spike
Grenadier mitre with yellow metal front plate; red headband with a black/sky blue/black braid and yellow metal ornaments; straw backing with black/sky blue/black braid; sky blue within black pompom (see Nr. III. "Standing" Grenadier Battalion for an illustration)
Neckstock red
Coat Prussian blue lined red with 6 yellow buttons and 6 red buttonholes with white tassels grouped two by two on each side, 2 yellow buttons on the right side at the waist, 2 red buttonholes on the left side at the waist, and 3 yellow buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar none
Shoulder Straps ponceau red fastened with a small yellow button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets edged in red, each with 3 yellow buttons
Cuffs ponceau red (in the Prussian pattern) with 2 yellow buttons and 2 red buttonholes on the sleeve
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat straw
Breeches straw
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard brown
Footgear black shoes


Privates were armed with a short musket, a bayonet and a curved blade sabre.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • no shoulder straps
  • golden laced cuffs
  • yellowish leather gloves
  • black and white sabre tassel

NCOs were armed with a sabre and a dark brown half-pikes measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.37 m.) in the fusilier companies and 13 Rhenish feet (4.10 m.) in the grenadier companies (carried by the 3 most senior NCOs while other grenadier NCOs were armed with rifled muskets since 1744).

NCOs also carried canes (normally attached to a button at the top of the right front while carrying the half-pike).

Officers

Jungkenn Müntzer Fusiliers Officer in 1759 - Source: Engraving by von Schmalen, Nürnberg 1759
Lace of the officer uniform - Source: E. Boltze Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen...

Officers had gold laced tricorne with black and white quartered pompoms and a yellow button. They always wore tricornes notwithstanding if they were commanding fusiliers or grenadiers. They also wore a black and silver sash around the waist. They carried an officer stick and a silver and gold gorget. Their coats were similar to those of the privates but with no turnbacks and with golden buttonholes rather than red buttonholes as the privayes.

Officers carried dark brown spontoons measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.36 m.).

Musicians

Lace of the drummer uniform - Source: E. Boltze Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen...
Uniform of the drummers - Source: E. Boltze Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen...

The laces of the drummers consisted of a 4.8 cm wide lace and a 3.2 cm narrow lace both of the same pattern (yellow braid bordered in red and edged white, decorated with a black and white pattern). The coat, pockets and cuffs were edged with this lace. Shoulder decorated with 5 vertical narrow laces and 1 horizontal wide lace. Sleeves decorated with 7 horizontal wide laces with white tassels at each extremity. No buttonholes on the chest but 2 buttonholes with white tassels decorated with the narrow lace at the waist on each side. One similar buttonhole on each side at the small of the back.

Colours

Colonel flag (Leibfahne): White field. Centre device consisting of a light blue medallion surrounded by a golden laurel wreath and surmounted by a gold crown. The medallion is decorated with a black eagle surmounted by a white scroll bearing the golden motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Corner monograms (crowns, laurel wreaths, ciphers) and grenades in gold.

Regimental flags (Kompaniefahnen): Light blue field with red corner wedges. Centre device consisting of a white medallion surrounded by a golden laurel wreath and surmounted by a gold crown. The medallion is decorated with a black eagle surmounted by a light blue scroll bearing the golden motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Corner monograms (crowns, laurel wreaths, ciphers) and grenades in gold.

Colonel Colour - Source: Richard Couture from a template by Hannoverdidi
Regimental Colour - Source: Richard Couture from a template by Hannoverdidi

The pikes used as staffs for the colours were dark brown.

References

Bleckwenn, Hans, Die Uniformen der Preußischen Infanterie 1753-1786, Teil III/Bd. 3, Osnabrück 1973

Bleckwenn, Hans, Die friderzianischen Uniformen 1753-1786, Bd. I Infanterie I, Osnabrück 1984

Boltze, Eberhard; Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen nach dem Stande von 1785 nebst Rückblick bis 1740, Dresden, November 1927, pp. 28-29, Annex III and IV

Brauer, M.; Heer und Tradition / Heeres-Uniformbogen (so-called “Brauer-Bogen”), Berlin 1926 -1962

Engelmann, Joachim and Günter Dorn, Die Infanterie-Regimenter Friedrich des Grossen, Podzun-Pallas, 2000

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Die Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung der Armee Friedrichs des Großen: Eine Dokumentation aus Anlaß seines 200. Todesjahres, 2 erw. Auflage, Raststatt 1986

Guddat, Martin; Grenadiere, Musketiere, Füsiliere: Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen, Herford 1986

Letzius, Dr. Martin and Herbert Knötel d. J.; Deutsche Uniformen, Bd. 1, Das Zeitalter Friedrich des Großen, 240 images, Sturm-Zigaretten GmbH, Dresden 1932

Schirmer, Friedrich; Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.