Juno (32)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Juno (32)

Origin and History

The frigate was built at Rotherhithe and launched on September 29 1757.

During the Seven Years' War, the frigate was under the command of:

  • in June and November 1759: captain Henry John Philips
  • in 1760: captain Henry Towry

The frigate was scuttled on August 7 1778 to prevent capture by the Americans at Rhode Island during the American War of Independence.

Service during the War

At the beginning of 1758, the frigate was part of the fleet who assembled at Portsmouth under the command of admiral Edward Boscawen for the expedition against Louisbourg. On February 19, this fleet set sail for Halifax and finally arrived there on May 9. On May 28, the fleet sailed from Halifax and arrived in sight of Louisbourg on June 1. In June, the frigate captured the French frigate Écho (26) which was trying to leave Louisbourg to ask for assistance at Québec. Throughout the siege of Louisbourg, the fleet actively supported the British army and the fortress finally surrendered on July 26.

On July 2 1759, the frigate was part of the squadron of rear-admiral George Brydges Rodney who sailed from St. Helen's to destroy the flat-bottomed boats and the supplies which had been collected at Le Havre for the projected invasion of England. In the afternoon of Tuesday July 3, Rodney arrived in the bay of Le Havre and steered his fleet into the channel of Honfleur. On July 4 at sunrise Rodney began the bombardment of Le Havre and of the flat-bottomed boats. The bombardment lasted for 52 hours until July 6 at 8:00 AM and 1,900 shells and 1,150 carcasses were fired on the town. This attack totally destroyed any French preparations in this town for the invasion of England. Rodney, with some of his frigates, remained off the port of Le Havre for the rest of the year, and captured numerous prizes. In November, as soon as it became known in Great Britain that the French had sailed from Brest, the excitement was great and every effort was made to meet the situation. Orders were issued for guarding all coastal areas where the French were likely to make a descent. Troops were everywhere put in motion for this purpose. Furthermore, all ships of war in harbour were ordered out. The frigate was part of rear-admiral Francis Geary's squadron detached to reinforce Hawke's fleet. However, Geary's reinforcements arrived too late to take part in the decisive battle of Quiberon.

In 1760, the frigate served as a cruiser.

On February 4 1761, the frigate captured the French privateer Duchesse de Grammont (12). Still in February, the frigate, along with the Venus (32) encountered the French frigate Brune (32). The Venus was the first to engage the Brune and the combat was almost finished when the Juno finally joined the fight. The Brune surrendered. In this action, the Juno lost two men wounded.

To do: more details on the campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 32
Gundeck 26 x 12-pdrs
Quarterdeck 4 x 6-pdrs
Forecastle 2 x 6-pdrs
Crew approx. 210 men
Length at gundeck 127 ft (39 m.)
Width 34 ft (10 m.)
Depth 11 ft 9 in (3.58 m.)
Displacement 646 long tons

References

Blasco, Manuel, British 5th Rates, 3 Decks Wiki

Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

Wikipedia

N.B.: the section Service during the War is derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.