Origin and History
The regiment had two battalions each with 5 musketeer companies and 1 grenadier company, two 3-pdr guns and an authorised strength of 1,690 men.
1st battalion: 4 companies from the Princedom of Fürstenberg, 1 company from the Abbey of Kempten, 1 company from the Abbey of Weingarten
2nd battalion: 4 companies from the Bishopric of Augsburg, 1 company from the Imperial City of Augsburg, 1 company from the Monastery of Ochsenhausen
In these battalions, there were also troops supplied by 15 small contingents. Officers were provided by 11 estates.
In August 1757, the regiment had two battalions, two grenadier companies with two guns and an effective strength of 1,609 men. In May 1758, its strength was 1,473 men.
The regiment was raised in 1683. The successive regimental Inhaber were:
- from 1683: Count Notger Wilhelm zu Oettingen
- from 1691: Rudolf Christoph von Würz von Rudenz
- from 1699: Landgrave Prosper von Fürstenberg-Stühlingen
- from 1705: Entzberg
- from 1724: Landgrave Ludwig von Fürstenberg
- from 1759 till 1801: Landgrave Friedrich von Fürstenberg
Service during the War
In 1757, the regiment was with the Reichsarmee operating in Thuringia and Saxony. In August, this army combined with a French contingent under the Prince de Soubise to form the Franco-Imperial Army for the planned reconquest of Saxony. By August 5, the regiment counted 1,488 men fit for duty.
|Late in the autumn of 1757, the Lieutenant-General Prince de Soubise reported in his "Mémoire raisonné sur l'armée de l'empire," that he rated this regiment as "poor."
Source: Brodrück, Karl: Quellenstücke und Studien über den Feldzug der Reichsarmee von 1757. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte im 18. Jahrhundert, Leipzig: Dyck, 1858
By 1858, the original French "mémoire" could be found in the "Paris War Archive" (Carton 3433, No. 17).
By mid-August 1759, during the Austro-Imperial campaign in Saxony, the regiment was attached to Zweibrücken's Corps. On September 21, it probably took part in the Combat of Korbitz where it was deployed in Stolberg's Division. On November 20, the regiment took part in the Battle of Maxen where it was attached to the Reichsarmee Contingent deployed near Gieshübel under the command of the Prince of Stolberg.
To do: campaigns of 1760, 1761 and 1762
|Coat||white in Prussian cut
Troopers were armed with brown (black) musket and a sword.
Golden finial, silver banderole with golden tassel, white-black curled flagpole.
Colonel Colour: white field; centre device consisting of a black double eagle with crown, sword and globus cruciger as usual, the sword near the pole on both sides, coat of arms on the breast in two parts: above red with white cross, underneath yellow with 3 black leopards.
Regimental Colours: yellow field with 6 double flames (red-white-red-white-red-white) or according to another description (black-white-black-white-black-white); centre device consisting of a black double eagle with crown, sword and globus cruciger as usual, the sword near the pole on both sides, coat of arms on the breast in two parts: above red with white cross, underneath yellow with 3 black leopards.
Here follow tentative reconstructions of these flags.
- Becher, Johann Christian: Wahrhaftige Nachricht derer Begebenheiten, so sich in dem Herzogthum Weimar by dem gewaltigen Kriege Friedrichs II., Königs von Preußen, mit der Königin von Ungarn, Marien Theresen, samt ihren Bundesgenossen zugetragen, Weimar, ca. 1757-1760
- Original (Stiftung Weimarer Klassik - Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek Weimar)
- Copy (Bibliothèque nationale de France, De Ridder collection)
- Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D.: Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. I. Teil: Zusammensetzung und Organisation, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J
- Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D.; Weirich, W.-D.: Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. II. Teil: Die einzelnen Einheiten, ihre Stärke, Zusammensetzung, Uniform und Feldzeichen, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J.
- Deutsche Uniformen, Bd. 1, Das Zeitalter Friedrich des Großen, 240 Bilder von Herbert Knötel d. J., Text and explanations by Dr. Martin Letzius, published by Sturm-Zigaretten GmbH, Dresden 1932
- Knötel, R.: Uniformkunde, Lose Blätter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht, Rathenow 1890-1921, vol. V, plate 11, Grenadiere vom schwäbischen Kreis-Regiment Fürstenberg - 1735
- Kühlmann, Hermann: Kurze Geschichte der Fahnen des schwäbischen Kreises, in: Die Zinnfigur, vol. 8 (1959), no. 1, page 12-14 and no. 2, page 37
- Miles fürstenbergensis, Fürstenbergische Infanterie - Historische Darstellungen
- Military Miniatures Magazin: Schwäbischer Kreis - Kaiserliche Reichs Executions Armée 1757 - 1763
- Tessin, Georg: Die Inhaber der Fränkischen und Schwäbischen Kreisregimenter, in: Zeitschrift für Heereskunde, No. 319, Mai/Juni, IL Jg. (1985), page 81-83
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.