Kreisregiment Württemberg Dragoons
Origin and History
The regiment was raised in 1683 as the Schwäbisches Kreis Regiment zu Pferd (Swabian District Horse Regiment) von Höhnstett.
In 1731, this horse regiment was transformed into a dragoon regiment designated as the Kreisdragonerregiment Württemberg.
The regiment counted 4 companies organised in 2 squadrons for a total of 138 men contributed by 22 distinct contingents. The contingent of the Margraviate of Baden-Durlach came from a company of 40 men garrisoning Karlsruhe, which had been raised in 1732.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was owned by:
- in 1756: Duke Karl Eugen von Württemberg
- from 1759: Duke Friedrich Wilhelm von Württemberg
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- 1737: Lieutenant-Colonel von Brandenstein
- ???: Lieutenant-Colonel von Phull
- ???: Colonel von Weiß
- ???: Colonel Karl Friedrich von Eßdorf
In 1769, the regiment was integrated into the regular troops of the duchy of Württemberg.
In 1775, the regiment was amalgamated with the Grenadiers à Cheval regiment.
Service during the War
From 1757 to 1762, the regiment served with the Reichsarmee against Prussia.
In 1757, the regiment was with the Reichsarmee operating in Thuringia and Saxony. In August, this army combined with a French contingent under Soubise to form the Franco-Imperial army. By August 5, the regiment counted only 101 men fit for duty. It fought in the Battle of Rossbach on November 5, it was placed in the first line of the right wing under the Prinz von Hohenzollern.
To do: details of the campaigns from 1758 to 1762
Becher, Johann Christian: Wahrhaftige Nachricht derer Begebenheiten, so sich in dem Herzogthum Weimar by dem gewaltigen Kriege Friedrichs II., Königs von Preußen, mit der Königin von Ungarn, Marien Theresen, samt ihren Bundesgenossen zugetragen, Weimar, ca. 1757-1760
- Original (Stiftung Weimarer Klassik - Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek Weimar)
- Copy (Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin)
- Copy (Bibliothèque nationale de France, De Ridder collection)
|Coat||dark blue (sky blue before 1759, indeed an event that occurred during the battle of Rossbach in 1757 confirms this, a contemporary text mentions "Because of the similarity of their uniform with that of the Prussian Dragoon Regiment Nr.1 "von Normann", the [Swabian] Dragoon Regiment Duke of Württemberg was raided by the Austrian Hussar Regiment Szecheny and lost its standard")
Troopers were armed with a sword, a musket and a pair of pistols.
For the Baden-Durlach contingent, Kredel depicts slightly different uniform: a light blue coat (pre-1759) with black collar, lapels, cuffs, turnbacks and shoulder strap (left shoulder) and white buttons (three pairs on the lapels and two buttons on the cuffs); black unlaced tricorne with a white button on the left side; straw-coloured waistcoat and breeches.
Officers wore a gold and black sash.
According to a report dated 1748, the regiment had 1 kettle-drummer, 1 trumpeter, 4 drummers and 7 oboeists.
The following description is based on the uniform worn by the musicians of the contingent of Baden-Durlach in 1790:
- dark blue coat with black collar, cuffs and turnbacks, no lapels; hanging sleeves laced yellow fastened at the waist; yellow buttons
- white waistcoat and breeches
In 1731, when the unit was reorganized as a dragoon regiment, every company received a standard with a centre device consisting of the ducal coat of arms surmounted by a crown. The standard of the first company was usually white, the color of the remaining companies is unknown. Later in the century, the standards were changed to conform with the new standardised Swabian pattern (standard here shown). Around 1793-1794, the regiment carried two standards.
The standards were square shaped and had golden fringe, golden finial and cords. The two sides of the standard were perhaps similar.
The regiment had a white Leib (colonel) standard and a regimental (ordonnance) standard.
Colonel standard: white with black and gold fringes, in the center a round emblem surrounded by green branches. Emblem two-folded, left black with white cross, right yellow with 3 black leopards.
Ordonnance standard: yellow with black and gold fringes, in the center a round emblem surrounded by green branches. Emblem two-folded, left black with white cross, right yellow with 3 black leopards.
- Becher, Johann Christian: Wahrhaftige Nachricht derer Begebenheiten, so sich in dem Herzogthum Weimar by dem gewaltigen Kriege Friedrichs II., Königs von Preußen, mit der Königin von Ungarn, Marien Theresen, samt ihren Bundesgenossen zugetragen, Weimar, ca. 1757-1760
- Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D.; Weirich, W.-D.; Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. II. Teil: Die einzelnen Einheiten, ihre Stärke,
Zusammensetzung, Uniform und Feldzeichen, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J.
- Deutsche Uniformen, Vol. 1, Das Zeitalter Friedrich des Großen, 240 images from Herbert Knötel d. J., text and explanations from dr. Martin Letzius, published by Sturm-Zigaretten GmbH, Dresden, 1932
- Frederic, Jacques André, Etat des Trouppes de S.A.S. Monseigneur le Duc de Virtemberg et Theck sur pié en 1759, Augsburg, 1759
- Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 5 Hastenbeck und Roßbach, Berlin, 1903, Appendix 8
- Knötel, R., Uniformkunde, Lose Blätter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht, Rathenow 1890-1921, volume VI, plate 7 - Die Truppen des Schwäbischen Kreises 1781
- Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
- Soden, Karl baron von, Nachricht von den Fränkischen Craistruppen. Nebst einem Anhang von den Schwäbischen
Creisregimentern, Nürnberg, by Gabriel Nicolaus Raspe, 1782
- Söllner, Gerhard: Für Badens Ehre: Die Geschichte der badischen Armee von 1604 - 1832
- Vol. 1, Info Verlagsgesellschaft, Karlsruhe 1995
- Vol. 2, P.I.G. Zinn-Press, Meckenheim 2001
- Stadlinger, L., J. von, Geschichte des Württembergischen Kriegswesens – von der frühesten bis zur neuesten Zeit, Stuttgart, 1856
- Zahn, Michael, Die Herzoglich Württembergische Armee im Siebenjährigen Krieg, Manuskript, Stuttgart: January 2008
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
Volker Scholz for the info on the musicians of the regiment in 1748 and on the Baden-Durlach contingent