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|[[Image:Header.gif|Seven Years War]]||[[States]]<br/>[[Armies]]<br/>[[Navies]]<br/>[[Personalities]]
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|[[Image:Header.gif|Seven Years War]]<br>see also our sister project, '''[http://kronoskaf.com/wss/ Project WSS]'''||[[States]]<br>[[Armies]]<br>[[Navies]]<br>[[Personalities]]
||[[Campaigns]]<br/>[[Battles|Battles and Encounters]]<br/>[[Sieges]]<br/>[[Treaties]]
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||[[Campaigns]]<br>[[Battles|Battles and Encounters]]<br>[[Sieges]]<br>[[Treaties]]
||[[Links]]<br/>
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||[[Links]]<br>[[EBooks|eBooks]]<br>
[[EBooks|eBooks]]<br/>
 
 
Brought to you by <big>'''[http://www.kronoskaf.com/ Kronoskaf]'''</big><br/>
 
Brought to you by <big>'''[http://www.kronoskaf.com/ Kronoskaf]'''</big><br/>
 
the '''Virtual Time Machine'''
 
the '''Virtual Time Machine'''
 
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!<big>Sponsored Advertising</big>
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|style="padding:5px;"|{{Charles S. Grant Books}}
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|style="padding:5px;"|[[Image:Frederick II.jpg|right|thumb|Frederick II of Prussia in 1763 - Source: Wikimedia Commons]]
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|style="padding:5px;"|[[Image:Frederick II.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Frederick II of Prussia in 1763 - Source: Wikimedia Commons]]
In 1756, more than 250 years ago, the major powers of Europe became entangled in a conflict now known as the '''Seven Years War''' that was to last until 1763. It involved all the major powers of Europe, with [[Austria]], [[France]], [[Russia]], [[Saxony]], [[Sweden]], and later [[Spain]] siding against the alliance of [[Great Britain]], [[Hanover]], [[Prussia]], and later [[Portugal]].
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More than 250 years ago, in 1756, the major powers of Europe became entangled in a conflict now known as the '''Seven Years War''' that was to last until 1763. It involved all the major powers of Europe, with [[Austria]], [[France]], [[Russia]], [[Saxony]], [[Sweden]], and later [[Spain]] siding against the alliance of [[Great Britain]], [[Hanover]], [[Prussia]], and later [[Portugal]].
  
 
The war had in fact started in 1754 in North America and India where France and Great Britain were struggling for colonial supremacy. In Europe, [[Maria Theresa]] of Austria had undertaken intense diplomatic efforts to forge an alliance against Prussia with the goal of wresting the lost province of Silesia from the Prussian grasp.  
 
The war had in fact started in 1754 in North America and India where France and Great Britain were struggling for colonial supremacy. In Europe, [[Maria Theresa]] of Austria had undertaken intense diplomatic efforts to forge an alliance against Prussia with the goal of wresting the lost province of Silesia from the Prussian grasp.  
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In North America, the first years of the conflict turned to the advantage of France. In Asia, [[1757 - British campaign in Bengal|Bengal]] was virtually under British rule by the end of 1757.
 
In North America, the first years of the conflict turned to the advantage of France. In Asia, [[1757 - British campaign in Bengal|Bengal]] was virtually under British rule by the end of 1757.
  
From 1758, Prussia managed to contain its enemies on all fronts. In 1762, it was on the verge of being defeated when the [[Elizabeth Petrovna|Tsarina]] died leaving the throne to [[Peter III]], who held Frederick II in high esteem. Consequently, the new Tsar sided with Prussia.
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From 1758 through 1761, Prussia managed to repel its enemies on all fronts. In 1762, it was on the verge of being defeated when the [[Elizabeth Petrovna|Tsarina Elizabeth]] died leaving the throne to [[Peter III]], who held Frederick II in high esteem. Consequently, the new Tsar sided with Prussia.
  
 
Meanwhile, year after year, the struggle between France and the Anglo-Hanoverians in Western Germany remained inconclusive. By the end of each campaign the belligerents were basically back to their initial positions.
 
Meanwhile, year after year, the struggle between France and the Anglo-Hanoverians in Western Germany remained inconclusive. By the end of each campaign the belligerents were basically back to their initial positions.
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In 1762, a new front opened in the Iberian Peninsula where a Franco-Spanish army vainly attempted the [[1762 - Spanish campaign in Portugal|conquest of Portugal]].
 
In 1762, a new front opened in the Iberian Peninsula where a Franco-Spanish army vainly attempted the [[1762 - Spanish campaign in Portugal|conquest of Portugal]].
  
Early in 1763, all belligerents made peace, leaving the political map of Europe almost unchanged. However, Great Britain had eliminated its most important competitor for the domination of the world, and Prussia had survived the war, a feat all by itself... '''[[Seven Years War|(more...)]]'''
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Early in 1763, all belligerents made peace, leaving the political map of Europe almost unchanged. However, Great Britain had eliminated its most important competitor for world domination, and Prussia had survived the war, a feat all by itself... '''[[Seven Years War|(more...)]]'''
 
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!<big>[http://www.kronoskaf.com/donate.htm Donations]</big>
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|style="padding:5px;"|{{Marco Pagan Books}}
 
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!<big>[http://www.kronoskaf.com/donate.htm Annual Funding Campaign 2018]</big>
 
 
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|style="padding:5px;"|[[Image:Progressbar 2018.png|right]]As usual at this time of the year, we are launching our funding campaign. We are still far from our target.
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|style="padding:5px;"|<big>Last year, you donated 3,900 $CAD, allowing us to exceed our objective.
 
 
If all regular readers gave only 10 $CAD at their next visit, it would take two days to complete our campaign.
 
  
Please consider making a donation to support "Project SYW". Donations are invested in web hosting and in the acquisition and integration of additional documentation.  
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<b>'''Thanks to your support, we will be able to continue improving "Project SYW"! This year we will mainly focus on the events of 1760. All your donations to this project serve to pay for web hosting and to acquire and integrate additional documentation. You currently have free access to more than 2,700 articles and 4,300 images.'''</b>
  
<big>To make a donation (Paypal or main credit cards) [http://www.kronoskaf.com/donate.htm click here].</big>
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[[Image:Progressbar 2022.png|center]]
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<center><small>(click on the image for a detailed breakdown of donations for 2022)</small></center>
  
<small>(click on the image for a detailed breakdown of donations for 2018)</small><br clear="all">
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<big>'''To make a donation (Paypal or main credit cards) [http://www.kronoskaf.com/donate.htm click here].'''</big>
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Latest revision as of 13:21, 28 March 2022

Seven Years War
see also our sister project, Project WSS
States
Armies
Navies
Personalities
Campaigns
Battles and Encounters
Sieges
Treaties
Links
eBooks

Brought to you by Kronoskaf
the Virtual Time Machine


Advertising
Charles S. Grant has recently published a book on the Saxon Army at Pirna in 1756

In the recently published tenth volume of his series "Refighting History," Charles S. Grant proposes ten "What if" scenarios articulated around the resistance of the Saxon Army surrounded at Pirna in 1756, during the invasion of Saxony by Frederick II of Prussia. Although built around events of the Seven Years' War, these scenarios can easily be adapted for other conflicts of the horse and musket period, from Marlborough to Napoleon and arguably up to the American Civil War.

Besides its ten scenarios, this book also presents an introduction to the campaign of 1756 in Saxony and an overview of the Saxon Army during this campaign and during the campaigns in the Western Theatre from 1758 to 1762.

As usual with Charles's books, this 195 pages volume is richly illustrated with maps, uniform plates, and numerous photos taken by Charles while play testing the various scenarios. This book is available from Caliver Books.

Advertising
Ewan Carmichael has just published a book on the Battle on Minden

As a contributor to Kronoskaf – Project Seven Years’ War, Mr. Ewan Carmichael has in the past published an article on the British strategy during the war. His new book, “Like a Brazen Wall,” analyzes the famous Battle of Minden, applauding the exploits of each army, examining the enduring challenges of multi-nationality, and reviewing the role of the British horse and its controversial commander, Sackville.

This book also explains the strategic necessity of British involvement in an Anglo-German allied army in Europe, and describes the tactical detail of Minden and the parallel Battle of Gohfeld. It uses translations of French primary and secondary source material to review the intentions of the French commander.

The book also includes timelines, which explain what was happening, and when, in different theatres of operation; orders of battle; uniform details; and an illustrated battlefield tour. It is available from Helion & Company.

The Seven Years War in a few words
Frederick II of Prussia in 1763 - Source: Wikimedia Commons

More than 250 years ago, in 1756, the major powers of Europe became entangled in a conflict now known as the Seven Years War that was to last until 1763. It involved all the major powers of Europe, with Austria, France, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, and later Spain siding against the alliance of Great Britain, Hanover, Prussia, and later Portugal.

The war had in fact started in 1754 in North America and India where France and Great Britain were struggling for colonial supremacy. In Europe, Maria Theresa of Austria had undertaken intense diplomatic efforts to forge an alliance against Prussia with the goal of wresting the lost province of Silesia from the Prussian grasp.

Frederick II of Prussia invaded Saxony in 1756 and Bohemia in 1757. However, he had to retire from Bohemia after the defeat of Kolin. Prussians were now on the defensive against Austrians in Silesia, Franco-Imperials in Saxony and Russians in East Prussia. Frederick II saved Prussia by two brilliant victories at Rossbach and Leuthen. Meanwhile France had successfully invaded Hanover but was soon pushed back to the Rhine.

In North America, the first years of the conflict turned to the advantage of France. In Asia, Bengal was virtually under British rule by the end of 1757.

From 1758 through 1761, Prussia managed to repel its enemies on all fronts. In 1762, it was on the verge of being defeated when the Tsarina Elizabeth died leaving the throne to Peter III, who held Frederick II in high esteem. Consequently, the new Tsar sided with Prussia.

Meanwhile, year after year, the struggle between France and the Anglo-Hanoverians in Western Germany remained inconclusive. By the end of each campaign the belligerents were basically back to their initial positions.

In America, Africa and Asia, the tide turned in 1758. Great Britain had successfully conquered Senegal (1758), Guadeloupe (1759), Canada (1759-60), Dominica (1761), Martinique (1762) and Cuba (1762).

In 1762, a new front opened in the Iberian Peninsula where a Franco-Spanish army vainly attempted the conquest of Portugal.

Early in 1763, all belligerents made peace, leaving the political map of Europe almost unchanged. However, Great Britain had eliminated its most important competitor for world domination, and Prussia had survived the war, a feat all by itself... (more...)

Donations
Last year, you donated 3,900 $CAD, allowing us to exceed our objective.

Thanks to your support, we will be able to continue improving "Project SYW"! This year we will mainly focus on the events of 1760. All your donations to this project serve to pay for web hosting and to acquire and integrate additional documentation. You currently have free access to more than 2,700 articles and 4,300 images.

Progressbar 2022.png
(click on the image for a detailed breakdown of donations for 2022)

To make a donation (Paypal or main credit cards) click here.

Project Status

Warning: Before using our plates as reference to paint figurines or to reconstruct uniforms or colours, please read our disclaimer.

Image of the week: Map of the bombardment of Zittau in July 1757 - Copyright: Dinos Antoniadis

The Seven Years' War Project now offers free access to 2,787 articles and 4,446 images.

From June 27 to July 3, we have created/improved the following articles:

...for more info, see Recent Changes

(see News Archives...)