Merlin (10)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Merlin (10)

Origin and History

The sloop was designed by Sir Thomas Slade, built at Rotherhithe and launched on March 20, 1756.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • from June 10 1756 to April 19, 1757: Commander John Cleland

The sloop was renamed Zephyr after her recapture in August 1757.

The sloop was retaken by the French in 1778 and burnt in 1780.

Service during the War

On April 19, 1757, the ship was endeavouring to rejoin a convoy from which she had been separated, when the the French privateer Machault (30) bore down upon her. It had been, and was still blowing hard; and the ship, as was usual with ships of her class, had her decks full of water, and had quite enough to do to look after herself. The guns were all secured fore and aft; and, save with small arms, it was impossible to make any resistance. So the ship struck. The prize did not remain long with the French, being retaken in August by the Lancaster (66) and Dunkirk (60) and renamed Zephyr.


Technical specifications
Guns 10
Gun deck 10 x 6-pdrs
12 x ½-pdr swivel guns
Crew 100
Length 86 ft 6 in (26.23 m)
Width 24 ft 5 in (7.33 m)
Depth 10 ft 10 in (3.05 m)
Displacement 223 tons BM


Clowes, Wm. Laird, The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present, Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, pp. 294-295

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, 3 Decks

Phillip, Michael, Ships of the Old Navy