Origin and History
This frigate was built at Rotherhithe by John Quallet and launched on January 17 1759.
During the Seven Years' War, the frigate was under the command of:
- since January 5 1759 to September 1761: Captain Alexander Arthur Hood
- from 1762 until 1763: Captain Joseph Peyton
The frigate was captured by the French Concorde (32) on August 22 1778. She was recaptured by the British Courageux (74) and Valiant (74) on January 4 1781. The Minerva was then renamed “Recovery”.
The frigate was sold on December 30 1784.
Service during the War
On November 20 1759, the frigate was present at the decisive battle of Quiberon who eliminated any serious threat from the French navy for the rest of the war.
On January 8 1761, the frigate captured the privateer Ecureuil. On January 24, the frigate sighted a two-decked ship 167 km west of Cape Pinas. Despite the heavy sea, Hood, her captain, gave chase to that ship, catching up with her at 10:20 AM. The ship was in fact the Warwick now mounting only 34 guns, previously captured by the French in 1756, which, under command of M. la Verger de Belair, was sailing for the East Indies with 231 sailors, 74 soldiers, stores, provisions and ammunition. After an engagement of 40 minutes where the Minerva lost her fore and main topmasts and had to disengage to repair. By 1:00 PM, the Minerva was ready for another attempt. At 4:00 PM, she caught up with the Warwick who struck after a combat of 45 minutes. Both vessels lost 14 men killed in the engagement. The Minerva escorted her prize to Spithead where they arrived at the beginning of February. In July, the frigate was attached to the squadron operating in the Downs. On August 9, the frigate sailed from Harwich to escort the yacht Royal Charlotte to Cuxhaven to transport Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg Streliz to England for her wedding with the future George III. On September 6, the small flotilla retuned to Harwich.
|Length at gundeck||124 ft 4 in (37.90 m)|
|Width||34 ft 11 in (10.64 m)|
|Depth||12 ft (3.66 m)|
|Displacement||664 tons BM (602 tonnes)|
Blasco, Manuel, British 6th Rates, 3 Decks Wiki
Harrison, Simon; Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail
Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy
N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.