Moskovskiy Dragoons

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Origin and History

no information available yet

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information available yet

Service during the War

Like most other Russian dragoon regiments, this regiment was in full reorganisation after the introduction of new regulations in 1756. It was stationed at Orenburg and was not engaged in any European campaign during the war.

Uniform

During summer, Russian dragoons did not wear coats. These were left in the baggage. For this reason, we present two different plates.

N.B.: another interpretation states that, on active duty, the dragoons did not wear their cornflower blue coat.

There seems to have been important variations of the uniform in the field:

  • “kollet” edged with a cornflower blue braid or undecorated
  • “kollet” totally absent due to supply problems and replaced by the cornflower blue coat and/or the cornflower blue waistcoat

Troopers

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Richard Couture

Summer uniform in 1757 - Source: Richard Couture
Uniform Details
Headgear
Dragoon black felt tricorne laced white with a white cockade on the left fastened with a copper button
Grenadier until 1759: mitre with a brass front plate embossed with trophies of weapons and standards and carrying in its centre the regimental coat of arms surmounted by the Imperial Eagle, a black leather skull-cap and neck guard with brass reinforcements and decorations, a white wool pompom

from 1759: black felt tricorne laced white with a white cockade on the left fastened with a bronze button

Neck stock black
Coat cornflower blue lined red; with copper buttons and red trimmed buttonholes

N.B.: the coat was not worn during summer

Collar red
Shoulder straps none
Lapels none
Pockets none
Cuffs red with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks red
Gloves buff
Kollet chamois leather fastened with hooks and eyes; with cornflower blue collar and cuffs; horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons.

N.B.: this so-called “kollet” could also be edged with cornflower blue braid made from old winter capes

Waistcoat a cornflower blue waistcoat made from old winter capes, which was worn under the “kollet”
Breeches chamois leather with white knee covers
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black with a copper plate carrying the regimental arms
Scabbard black leather
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth cornflower blue without lace
Housings cornflower blue without lace
Blanket roll n/a


Troopers were armed with a short carbine, two pistols and a sabre. They also had a cornflower blue epancha (cape) for winter.

Other interpretations

The representations of the "tails" of the "kollet" differ widely. Some authors show rather long tails others illustrate short tails. If the "kollet" was sometimes worn under the coat, its tails were probably shorter than those of the coat.

NCOs

Corporals wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers.

Other NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • gold laced tricorne
  • gold laced collar
  • gold laced cuffs:
    • 1 stripe for Unterfähnrich
    • 2 stripes for armourers and quartermasters
    • 3 stripes for sergeant

Officers

Officers wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • gold laced tricorne
  • gilt buttons
  • no turnbacks
  • black and gold silken sash
  • cornflower blue saddlecloth and housings laced gold carrying the imperial cipher

Musicians

Musicians wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • swallow nests at the shoulders

The kettle-drum and the trumpets were made of copper. The banners were of the colour of the squadron standards. The banner of the kettle-drum was embroidered and fringed in gold.

Colours

Dragoons still carried standards of the 1731 pattern, measuring 123 cm by 142 cm (some sources indicate square 150 cm by 150 cm standards). The flagpole had a gilt finial.

Colonel Standard: white field fringed in gold; centre device: an Imperial Eagle, crowned double-headed, bearing the regimental arms on a breastplate encircled by the necklace of the St. George’s Order and the cross of St. Andrew.

Ordonnance Standard: blue field fringed in gold; centre device: a red and gold crown surmounting a gold shield bearing the regimental arms.

File:Dragoon Moscowskiy Colonel.jpg
Leib Standard - Source: Frédéric Aubert
File:Dragoon Moscowskiy Ordonnance.jpg
Regimental Standard - Source: Frédéric Aubert
]

The first squadron carried the white colonel (Leib) standard while the 4 other squadrons each carried one regimental standard.

References

Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen, Part 3: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 4 Groß-Jägersdorf und Breslau, Berlin 1902

  • chapter A: Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 1-46
  • appendix: supplement 1, Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 3-18

Konstam, Angus, and Bill Younghusband; Russian Army of the Seven Years War, vol. 2, Osprey Military, London, Reed International, 1996

Schirmer, Friedrich, Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by the KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989

Viskovatov, A. V., Historical Description of the Clothing and Arms of the Russian Army, vol. 3, Petersburg: 1900

Volker Ziegler, Brühl, Die Russische Kavallerie zur Zeit des Siebenjährigen Krieges (1756-1763)

Zweguintzov, L'Armee Russe, 1973

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.