Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Swedish Army >> Nylands Infantry
Origin and History
The regiment was created in 1626.
In 1634, a government regulation ranked the Nylands Regiment 18th among the infantry regiments.
In 1696, it became an Indelta regiment.
At the beginning of the Great Northern War, a battalion was stationed at Neumünde. The remainder of the regiment was stationed at Riga from Spring 1700. In 1708, a battalion was part of General Lewenhaupt's Corps who followed the main army in Ukraine. It fought at Ljesna 1708, the survivors being placed in the Vastamalands regiment. Captured at Poltava. The other battalion captured at Riga, 1710. Reraised and joined the Army of Finland. In the Armfeldt's campaign against Trondhjem, 1718.
This Finnish regiment counted 1,025 men and consisted of two battalions of 4 companies. Each company had 140 men.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:
- 1757: E. Krabbe
Service during the War
By the end of August 1757, 6 companies of the regiment (about 850 men) had been transported across the Baltic towards Swedish-Pomerania.
In 1758, the regiment was assigned to the guard and protection of the artillery, a role that it played until the end of the war.
In January 1759, the regiment counted 926 men operating in Pomerania.
To do: campaigns from 1759 to 1763
|Coat||dark blue with 10 brass buttons down the front with yellow trimmed buttonholes and 2 brass buttons at small of the back
|Gaiters||white stockings with brown leather strap at knee|
Troopers were armed with a sword and a musket. The bayonet was permanently fixed to the musket.
Schirmer as well as Pengel and Hurt mention white trimmed buttonholes.
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:
- a silver lace on the tricorne
- brass buttons (smaller than those of officers)
NCOs carried halberds but no cane.
Officers wore a blue uniform (coat) with blue distinctives (collar, cuffs, turnbacks). They were further distinguished from privates by:
- a gold lace on the tricorne
- no turnbacks on the coat
- a silver gorget
- brass buttons
- blue or black breeches (breeches of the same colour as those of the privates were also worn)
N.B.: contrarily to the custom in other armies, Swedish officers did not wear any sash
Horses were equipped with blue housing with a yellow border.
The uniform of the drummers were usually yellow with the addition of plain white swallows nest on each shoulder. There were no other lace on the sleeves, etc.
The drums were brass with provincial coats of arms embossed on the front. The rims were blue with yellow edging.
The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always yellow. The Liffana had gold finials while the Kompanifana had steel finials. The colours measured 2.12 x 1.70 m. (1.81 x 1.33 m. as per Clifford).
Liffana (colonel flag): white field; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions; the outer corner of the first canton carried a golden helmet and 2 blue flags with yellow cross.
N.B.: for the liffana, Clifford adds a pedestal supporting the arms, the letters “AFRS” above the arms and 1 royal crown in the corner of each of the 3 remaining cantons.
Kompanifana (ordonnance flag): red field; centre device consisting of a golden helmet and 2 blue flags with yellow cross; the whole surrounded by a green laurel wreath tied with a gold ribbon.
The colonel's battalion carried the Liffana and a Kompanifana. The lieutenant-colonel's battalion carried 2 Kompanifanor.
Großer Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16
Högman, Hans: Svenska regementen under indelningsverkets dagar (broken link)
Höglund, Lars-Eric and Ake Sallnäs: The Great Northern War 1700-1721, Colours and Uniforms, Acedia Press, Karlstadt, 2000
Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt: Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983
Purky, Jim: Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
Säwe, Teofron: Sveriges deltagande i Sjuåriga Kriget Åren 1757-1762, Beijers Bokförlagsaktiebolag, Stockholm, 1915
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989
Schorr, Dan: Swedish Flags 1757-1762 - Part II Infantry Flags, The Courrier, March-April 1980
Schorr, Dan: Uniforms of the Swedish Army, 1757-1762, The Courrier, June-July 1979
English Wikipedia – Nylands infanteriregemente
Wilson, Peter: The Swedish Army in 1756, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.