Oberrheinische Kreiseskadron

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Palatine Army >> Oberrheinische Kreiseskadron

Origin and History

The squadron was initially raised in 1685 for Colonel Otto Rudolf Rau zu Holzhausen. It then successively belonged to Herrmann Wilhelm von Spiegel zu Diesenberg (1685), Johann Ernst Count von Nassau-Weilburg (1686) and Colonel Anton Otto von Closs (1713) before being disbanded for the first time.

This squadron was re-established in 1754 as the Kurpfalz Dragoner with 3 companies taken from the Leib-Dragoner. It counted 174 men.

During the Seven Years' War, the chef of the squadron was the Pfalzgraf (Count Palatine) Friedrich Michael von Zweibrücken

During the Seven Years' War, its commanders were:

  • from 1757: colonel count von Wittgenstein

The squadron was finally disbanded in 1770.

Service during the War

At the outbreak of the war in 1756, the regiment was garrisoning Ladenburg.

In 1757, the squadron was combined with the II./Prinz Friedrich Cavalry and III./Prinz Friedrich Cavalry to form the so called Kurpfalz Cuirassiers (aka von Hatzfeld Carabiniers). This regiment joined the Reichsarmee operating in Thuringia. In August, this army combined with a French contingent under the Prince de Soubise to form the Franco-Imperial army who proceeded to the invasion of Saxony. Soubise rated the various units of the Reichsarmee and considered the von Hatzfeld Carabiniers as "mediocre". On November 5, the regiment fought at the Battle of Rossbach where it deployed in the first line of the right wing under the Prince von Hohenzollern. The regiment suffered heavy losses during this battle.

On November 20 1759, as part of the Kurpfalz Cuirassiers, the squadron took part in the battle of Maxen where an Austro-Imperial Army captured the Prussian corps of Lieutenant-general Finck.

Uniform

The first company wore red instead of white coats.

Privates

Uniform in 1754 - Source: rf-figuren from a Not By Appointment template
Uniform in 1754
as per Bezel
Headgear black tricorne without lace with blue within white pompoms and a black cockade
Neckstock black
Coat white coat lined light blue with 12 pewter buttons on the right and 12 buttonholes on the left, 1 pewter button on each side in the small of the back
Collar light blue
Shoulder Straps light blue and white aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs light blue, each with 3 pewter buttons
Turnbacks light blue
Waistcoat straw without buttons
Breeches straw
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black with a golden plate
Gloves straw
Scabbard natural leather
Footgear long black riding boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth light blue bordered a lace consisting of a white braid with a wide central light blue stripe
Housing black holsters with a light blue flap bordered a lace consisting of a white braid with a wide central light blue stripe


Troopers were armed with a straight bladed sabre (brass hilt), a carbine and 2 pistols.

Other interpretations

The uniforms of this squadron (date unspecified) kept in the collection of Ludwig IX of Hessen-Darmstadt show the following differences:

  • yellow buttons
  • blue lapels with 10 buttons (1-3-3-3)
  • light blue waistcoat
  • light blue breeches

Officers

The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • silver laced tricorne
  • silver buttons and epaulettes
  • blue waistcoat with silver buttons
  • white and blue striped sash (silver and blue for staff officers)
  • white and blue sword frog (silver and blue for staff officers)
  • black cane

Musicians

The kettle-drummers of the squadron wore the same uniform as the privates with the following exceptions:

  • a white, light blue and yellow lace on the seams and pockets
  • collar and cuffs edged with the same lace
  • light blue swallow nest edged and decorated with the same lace
  • 7 chevrons of the same lace on each sleeve
  • light blue waistcoat and breeches

Light blue kettle-drum banners embroidered in gold and silver and decorated with cords and tassels of mixed silver and dark blue

Colours

no information available yet

References

Bezel, Oskar; Geschichte des Kurpfälzischen Heeres ..., Bayrisches Kriegsarchiv, München, 1925

Pengel, R.D. And G. R. Hurt; Bavaria, Saxony & the Palatinate Supplement: Uniforms and Flags of the Senen Years War, Hopewell: On Military Matters, 1981, pp. 48-50

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgments

rf-figuren for the initial version of this article.